Among Christian communities, there is a constant dispute of who will build the largest and most beautiful church, many of which become architectural masterpieces attracting crowds of tourists. Let us take a look at the top 10 biggest churches in the world.
Church of St. Sava, Belgrade, Serbia
The temple of St. Sava has an area of 8,162 square meters and is the largest Orthodox church in the world. The construction of the cathedral started in 1935, but the building was completed in 1986. When it opened in 2004, the interior decoration was not yet completed. The church was named in honor of the founder of the Serbian Orthodox Church of St. Sava.
The Cathedral-Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar, Zaragoza, Spain
One of the most famous cathedrals of Spain. Basilica de Nuestra Señora del Pilar has an area of 8,318 square meters. The building, made in the Gothic style, was built in the second half of the 17th century, on the banks of the Ebro River. In the middle of the basilica, there is a column, crowned by a statue of Mary with the Infant in her arms, made in the 15th century.
Church of the Holy Trinity, Fatima, Portugal
The Church of the Holy Trinity has an area of 8,700 square meters and stands out among the churches found in the top due to its unusual architecture. The building was very low with simple laconic forms.
Liverpool Cathedral, Liverpool, United Kingdom
Liverpool Cathedral has an area of 9,687 meters. And this is not just the largest Anglican church in the world but also the highest church in the world without a spire. The large central tower was built almost 70 years ago. The foundation was laid in 1904, and the interior decoration was completed in the 70s.
The Basilica of Our Lady of Sorrows, Queen of Poland, in Licheń, Poland
The Basilica of Our Lady of Sorrows has an area of 10,090 square meters. The most interesting thing is that the church is located in a village where only 1,100 inhabitants live and looks quite gigantic in the background of the toy houses of local residents. The basilica is the main place of pilgrimage of believers in Poland.
Milan Cathedral, Milan, Italy
Milan Cathedral, which has an area of 10,186 square meters built of white marble, is the main attraction of the city. This is the oldest church on our ranking, which was started in 1386 and finished in 1965. The building is made in the classical Gothic style.
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Cathedral Church of Saint John the Divine in the City and Diocese of New York, New York
The Cathedral of St. John the Theologian in New York has an area of 11,200 square meters. The building was built in 1892 on Amsterdam Avenue between 110th and 113th streets. During this time, the construction was done by several architects. As a result, in appearance and interior decoration of the cathedral, one can notice both the Byzantine-Roman style and the new Gothic.
Seville Cathedral, Seville, Spain
Seville Cathedral, which is also called the Cathedral of Maria de la Sede, has an area of 11,520 square meters. The cathedral was built in the early 16th century on the site of a former mosque, which for a long time was one of the largest churches in the world.
Basilica of the National Shrine of Our Lady of Aparecida, Aparecida, Brazil
The Basilica of the National Shrine of Our Lady of Aparecida has an area of 12,000 square meters, actually occupying more space than the town in which it resides. The church is made in the form of a cross and it is the main center of pilgrimage of the Brazilian believers.
St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican
The largest church in the world is the center of Catholicism St. Peter's Cathedral, which has an area of 20,193 square meters. Here lie the remains of St. Peter, of one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ. It took more than a hundred years to build this cathedral, which several outstanding Italian architects worked on. At least for the next hundred years, St. Peter's Cathedral will remain the largest and most beautiful church in the world.
Top 3 tallest churches
All of the churches mentioned on our list have a large area, but there are also basilicas who compete for the title of the highest church in the world. And one of those is situated in Africa.
Ulm Minster, Germany (161.5 m)
The foundation of this grand temple occurred in 1377. The construction, which was led by Ulrich von Anzingen, began in 1392, and was completed in 1405, after which the church was consecrated and regular services to be conducted. Although at this point the construction had to be interrupted due to architect's mistakes — the side naves could not withstand the weight of the vaults. Initially, it served as a Catholic church, but when a wave of Reformation swept over Europe, the church was placed under the control of the Lutherans.
By the way, it is a church, and not a cathedral, because the status of the cathedral is awarded to a temple in which there is an episcopal residence. But the Ulm high priest lives in Stuttgart, which has been recounted since medieval times. And they call this church "cathedral" solely because of its colossal dimensions, which makes a strong impression.
Notre-Dame de la Paix, Yamoussoukro, Côte d'Ivoire (158 m)
This basilica is immediately noticeable from several sides. It is located on the African Continent, where only a fifth of the population are Christians. We are used to seeing similar buildings in the old Europe, in which there is a lot of majestic Gothic. But in 1983, President Felix Boigny decided to transfer the country's capital to the city of Yamoussoukro and build this majestic basilica this. His goal was to build the world's largest church and thereby perpetuate his name. Therefore, on her stained-glass windows, next to Christ and the apostles, is the face of Felix.
The construction of the basilica took place from 1985 to 1989, and cost the treasury $300 million. But although North Dame de la Pête is larger in area and height than the famous St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican, its interior space is much more modest — it can hold no more than 18 thousand believers, while in the main Catholic church this figure is much larger.
Cologne Cathedral, Germany (157.4 m)
The official name of the cathedral is St. Peter and the Blessed Mary, although for most people it is known simply as the Cologne Cathedral. It serves as the world standard of high Gothic architecture. At the time of construction, it became the tallest building in the world and remained that for another 4 years. Its dominants are two majestic towers. The cathedral's area is approximately 7,914 square meters. The cathedral is the main temple of the Cologne archdiocese, and its construction was divided into two historical segments: the first phase occurred in 1248-1437, and the second - in 1842-1880.
All of the above-mentioned buildings and complexes have a priceless cultural meaning for humanity. And now you have all the information you need about the highest and biggest churches in the world. Leave your comments below.
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