While many Nigerians can easily guess who is the father of nationalism in Nigeria, it can be difficult to name 10 full names of Nigerian nationalists. What was this movement about? How did it develop? Who has started it? Let us talk about our national heroes who have done so much for our country to become independent and get a better future.
Who is the father of nationalism in Nigeria?
When it comes to understanding the history of the nationalism in Nigeria, we should not only talk about our heroes and how the nationalist movement developed but also remember the father of nationalism in Nigeria.
The idea to start the official organization called the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons shortly called NCNC in 1944 was from Nnamdi Azikiwe and Herbert Macaulay.
Nationalist movement in Nigeria
The nationalist movement was created in Nigeria in the 1940’s to fight for the complete independence of Nigeria from Britain. Many famous politicians and brave men kept fighting for the future of the next generations, and they are remembered by their countrymen as true Nigerian heroes who promoted the national ideas, supported the rights of women and were not afraid.
Nigerian nationalist movement promoted and promotes the unity of all citizens of the country. The movement was created when Nigeria was the British colony, and those people who promoted nationalism in Nigeria wanted the country to gain its independence from foreign rule, and they succeeded because our country became independent in 1960.
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10 Nigerian heroes: full names of nationalists
Check the 10 full names of the most notable Nigerian nationalist movement representatives.
1. Obafemi Awolowo
His full name is Obafemi Jeremiah Oyeniyi Awolowo. This famous nationalist lived in Nigeria in the 20th century. He did a lot to promote the independence of our country and became the true leader of his nation. Being a lawyer, he also studied commerce and was interested in journalism. Thanks to the newspaper started by him back in 1949 (it was called Nigerian Tribune) he spread the idea of nationalism all across the country.
2. Herbert Macaulay
His full name is Olayinka Herbert Samuel Heelas Badmus Macaulay. He was also a popular nationalist leader at the end of 19th and in the 20th century. He was highly educated and very talented. Just think of this. The famous Nigerian was good in engineering, music, he studied architecture and was in love with journalism. He was also a well-known politician who actually founded the whole nationalism movement in our country.
3. Nnamdi Azikiwe
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His full name is Nnamdi Azikiwe, but many of his countrymen remember him as ‘Zik’ who lived in the 20th century. We think that every citizen of our country known who he is. Besides becoming the ‘father of Nigerian nationalism,’ this man was also the first ever President of Nigeria from October 1963 until January 1966.
4. Ahmadu Bello
His full name is Alhaji Sir Ahmadu Bello. This is another impressive politician who became the only premier of the Northern part of the country and served in this position from 1954 until 1966. Along with Nnamdi Azikiwe, he fought for the independence of Nigeria from the British rule, and this was a successful movement that led to our freedom.
5. Anthony Enahoro
His full name is Anthony Eromosele Enahoro. This man also played a big role in guiding Nigerians to their independence. He was a member of Movement for National Reformation party, participated in the politics and helped to edit the newspaper founded by the first President of Nigeria Nnamdi Azikiwe. Enahoro’s name was well known in the mid-1940’s because he was the youngest editor of the paper, he took this post when he was just 21 years old.
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6. Kudirat Abiola
Her full name of this prominent lady is Alhaja Kudirat Abiola. This woman was married to Moshood Olawale who participated in the presidential elections in 1993 and won them, but those election results were annulled by the previous Nigeria government. This led her into the movement towards the democracy of our country. She stood against the military government and inspired millions of her countrymen to fight dictatorship.
7. Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti
Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti was a famous politician in the 20th century. She was also a teacher and fought for women’s rights. Besides, many Nigerians remember her as the first Nigerian woman who drove a car. With the creation of the NCNC party by Macaulay, she joined this organization and was an active member.
8. Aminu Kano
This Nigerian politician is also associated with the nationalist movement. Active in the 1940’s, he was the leader of the opposition and helped with the fight for the country’s independence. He worked in alliance with the national organization NCNC founded by Herbert Macaulay.
9. Gani Fawehinmi
His full name is Abdul-Ganiyu Oyesola Fawehinmi. The man who lived in the 20th - 21st century was involved in the political and social life of Nigeria through his lawyer occupation, interest in journalism and passion for national affairs. While staying in college, he was best known among students as ‘Nation’ because of his nationalist interests.
10. Margaret Ekpo
Margaret Ekpo was also active in the 20th century fighting for the rights of Nigerian women. She was a famous nationalist politician and participated in the movement towards the independence of the country. In the history of the country, her name is always remembered. Calabar Airport has been named after this famous and prominent Nigerian woman.
You have learned 10 full names of Nigerian nationalists who participated in the country’s political life and fought for the independence of Nigeria. These prominent people gave a lot for our country, so they should be remembered and praised.
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