When is Easter in 2023? How is the date determined every year?

When is Easter in 2023? How is the date determined every year?

Easter Sunday is the day when Christians celebrate the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead usually coming 40 days after Lent. It is considered the most important and sacred day of the Christian calendar and is celebrated on the first Sunday following the first full moon after the vernal equinox (usually on March 21). However, the date of the festival keeps changing every year. When is Easter in 2023?

When is Easter
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Source: UGC

Easter Sunday is a day of joy and celebration for Christians around the world. Many attend church services, where they sing hymns and listen to sermons about the resurrection of Jesus. Some churches also hold special events, such as Easter egg hunts or sunrise services, to mark the occasion. Discover when is Easter Sunday in 2023 below.

Which day is Easter?

Easter is always celebrated on a Sunday. It marks the third day after Jesus was crucified and died. Christians believe that Jesus rose from the dead on the third day. The festival is a public holiday in many Christian countries, when workers stay home and spend time with their families watching Easter movies and catching up.

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When is Easter Sunday in 2023?

What date is Easter this year? The festival is on Sunday, 9 April 2023. Christians will celebrate Good Friday on 7 April and Easter Monday on 10 April 2023.

How is the date for Easter determined every year?

The date of festival is determined by a complex set of rules known as the computus. Its determination can be compared to the complex rules that govern the Islamic holiday, Eid al-Fitr, and the Ramadan period of fasting.

In Western Christianity, the Christian celebration falls on the first Sunday following the first full moon after the vernal equinox (usually 21 March). However, the calculation involves several additional factors, including the date of the ecclesiastical full moon, which does not always correspond to the astronomical full moon, and the 19-year cycle of the Metonic cycle.

When is Easter
Photo: @polina-kovaleva, pexels.com
Source: UGC

The computus is based on a combination of astronomical observations and ecclesiastical rules. The vernal equinox date is determined astronomically, while the full moon date is determined ecclesiastically. The Church uses the ecclesiastical full moon rather than the astronomical one because a fixed set of religious rules determines the former. In contrast, the latter can vary slightly from year to year.

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The computus was developed over several centuries and has undergone numerous revisions, but its basic principles have remained essentially unchanged since the Middle Ages. It is used by Western Christian churches, including the Roman Catholic, Protestant, and Anglican churches, to determine the date of Easter each year.

Why does Easter change every year?

Easter changes yearly because it is a moveable feast. The date is calculated according to rules based on the lunar and solar calendars.

In Western Christianity, the date of Easter Sunday is determined by the first full moon following the vernal equinox, when the sun is directly above the equator and day and night are of equal length. The vernal equinox always occurs on March 20th or 21st, but the date of the first full moon after the equinox can vary from year to year.

Easter Sunday in the Western Christian calendar can fall on any Sunday between 22 March and 25 April. The reason for this system is rooted in the early history of Christianity when Easter was linked to the Jewish holiday of Passover, which was also determined by the lunar calendar. Therefore, Easter dates change yearly because it is based on a combination of the solar and lunar calendars, which do not always align precisely.

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Why is Easter always on a Sunday?

Why is Easter always on a Sunday?
A Catholic priest celebrates mass on Easter Sunday at Qaraqosh's Al-Tahera (Immaculate Conception) Church in the Hamdaniyah district on April 17, 2022. Photo: Zaid AL-OBEIDI / AFP
Source: Getty Images

The festival is always celebrated on a Sunday because Jesus Christ is believed to have risen from the dead on a Sunday. In the Christian tradition, the resurrection of Jesus is believed to have occurred on the third day after his crucifixion, which was on a Friday. This day is known as Good Friday. The following Sunday, the day Jesus was discovered to have risen from the dead, is known as Easter Sunday.

The early Christian Church chose Sunday as the day to celebrate the resurrection of Jesus to distinguish it from the Jewish Sabbath, which is observed on Saturday. Sunday was also an important day for the early Christians because it was believed to be the day of creation and the day of the first appearance of the risen Christ to his disciples. It also works as Sunday is a day of worship, so Church program themes can be crafted around the holiday.

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Is Easter on the same date in every country?

The date of Easter is not the same in every country. The festival is celebrated on the first Sunday after the first full moon following the vernal equinox. This means that Easter can fall between 22 March and 25 April.

However, different Christian denominations use different calendars to determine the date of Easter; thus, the date may differ between countries. For example, the Eastern Orthodox Church uses the Julian calendar, while the Western Christian Church uses the Gregorian calendar. Therefore, the date of Easter may vary according to the country's calendar.

In addition, some countries may celebrate Easter on a different day or have different traditions associated with the holiday. For example, some countries celebrate Easter Monday as a public holiday, while others do not.

Why is Easter Sunday important?

when is easter in 2023
A man prays during a service at St. Anthony's church in Colombo on October 21, 2021. Photo: ISHARA S. KODIKARA/AFP
Source: Getty Images

Easter Sunday is essential to the Christian community as it signifies the day Jesus Christ rose from the dead. Christians believe that in His resurrection, their sins are forgiven and assured of eternal life.

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In addition to its religious significance, Easter Sunday has become a secular holiday in many countries. People often exchange Easter eggs, symbolising new life and rebirth, and share meals and text messages with family and friends. In some countries, such as the United States, the Easter Bunny is also a famous symbol associated with the holiday.

Which countries do not celebrate Easter Sunday?

Some countries do not celebrate Easter as a national holiday or religious observance. The reasons vary, but most countries that ignore the holiday do so because they have a small Christian population.

  • Japan
  • China
  • Israel
  • Saudi Arabia
  • North Korea
  • Mongolia
  • Uzbekistan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Vietnam

Christians worldwide celebrate Easter as the day when Jesus Christ gave them salvation and eternal life after His crucifixion, death and resurrection. However, some countries around the world pay no regard to the holiday. Christians living in those countries though not so many, however still pay keen observance to Easter Sunday celebrations. Most importantly, now you know when is Easter Sunday in 2023 and how the date is determined.

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READ ALSO: When is Eid al-Fitr in 2023 and how is it celebrated? Traditions explained

Legit.ng recently published an article about Eid al-Fitr in 2023. Eid al-Fitr is a religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide. It marks the end of the holy month Ramadan, which is 30 days of fasting and doing good deeds.

Ramadan is an annual observance, but it does not have a fixed date. The date is flexible and changes every year, depending on a complex calculation based on moon sightings. Read more about Eid al-Fitr date in 2023, how the holiday is celebrated, and the traditions behind this religious observance.

Source: Legit.ng

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