Many people would have thought that the oldest universities in the world would be in Europe. But no! Africa is home to the world's four oldest universities and one of these institutions was founded by a woman.
1. Ez-Zitouna University (Tunisia)
Ez-Zitouna University in Tunisia is the oldest university in the world in continuous operation. The higher institution was established in 737 AD first as a Madrasa then as a university.
Students are able to learn about science, philosophy, mathematics, art, among others. The university has survived many wars.
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2. Al-Qarawiyyin University (Morocco)
This Moroccan university was founded in 859 AD by a woman identified as Fatima al-Fihri. It is believed that she used the money inherited from her father to build the Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque, which subsequently developed a teaching institution that later became the University of al-Qarawiyyin.
3. Al-Azhar University (Egypt)
Al-Azhar University, which is situated in Cairo, was established in 970 AD. According to CSIA, Al-Azhar University attracts 30,000 students a year from over 100 different countries.
4. Sankore Mosque and University (Mali)
According to Erudera, this institution was founded in 989 by Mansa Musa, who is often described as the wealthiest individual in all human history.
University of Ibadan emerges number one in the list of top 20 universities
Legit.ng previously reported that Webometrics released the July 2021 edition of its ranking of the universities and other higher education institutions across the world.
While two of the top three, UI and OAU, are federal universities, the remaining one, Covenant University, is private-owned.
The University of Nigeria (UNN) and the University of Lagos (UNILAG) emerged fourth and fifth in Nigeria respectively.
Legit.ng gathers that the aim of the ranking is to promote academic web presence and support the Open Access initiatives.