A Constitution is a body of rules that defines and regulates a certain country. The primary objective of any constitution is to serve as a base for power in a state! There are several types of constitutions you must know! Continue reading to find out more!
What is a constitution?
As we mentioned, a constitution is a legal body that defines and regulates laws in a country. Any constitution serves a particular purpose at a particular time for a country. For instance, Germany rewrote their constitution in 1949, shortly after the Second World War! The USA created their modified constitution in 1787, soon after gaining the independence from Britain.
Therefore, every constitution serves its purpose. Nevertheless, all constitutions can be divided into several types according to their characteristics.
How many Types of Constitution do we have?
Written and Unwritten Constitutions
Written constitution is a type of document or documents created in a form of laws. It`s usually very precise and systematic. The creation of this constitution is usually defined as a deliberate efforts of the people! This legal body is elected to be the main legal document for the specific period of history. It`s also very precise about its written date. Most countries have a written constitution, like the USA, India, Russia, France, Germany, Nigeria, etc.
The unwritten constitution is a legal body where the principles have never been enacted as laws. It consists of various customs, principles or traditions of a country. It does not have a specific date of creation. It`s not clear or precise in any way. It`s usually a result of the historical development of a country. One of the classical examples is the English Constitution.
Codified and Uncodified Constitution
It`s simply another name for written and unwritten constitutions. The codified constitution is a set of laws created at a specific period of time. At the same time, uncodified constitution type is based on customs and traditions.
Nevertheless, there is no 100% codified and uncodified constitutions. Every codified constitution has uncodified elements! For instance, take a classic example of the USA constitution. The constitution of America provides for indirect elections of the President. Still, the USA elections are already direct. In the same vein, the uncodified constitution of England has a lot of codified law acts!
Flexible and Inflexible Constitution
It generally refers to how easy you can change some clauses of the constitution. Codified constitutions have a strict set of rules for when it comes to constitution changes. One of the examples of inflexible constitutions is the USA constitution. The specificity of this constitution makes it very inflexible for changes. At the same time, the British Constitution has constantly been changing since the 13th century.
Monarchy and Republican Constitutions
The Monarchy Constitution provides no head of the state power to citizens of a country unless they are related to a monarch. This type of constitution may proclaim an endless political power to a monarch or limit his/her political power.
The Republican Constitution is the most popular constitution today. It proclaims rights and freedoms for all citizens. At the same time, it provides the ability to choose political leaders or be chosen as a political leader.
Presidential and Parliamentary constitution
Presidential and Parliamentary constitutions depends on how a government operates. The presidential constitution places power in the hands of a president. The parliamentary constitution gives power to a parliament. These constitutions primarily effect the head of the executive and the head of state branches.
The presidential constitution usually dictates that the head of the state and the head of the executive branch is a president. He/she is not a part of any political party. On the contrary, the parliamentary constitution dictates that the head of the state can be a prime minister. He/she can also be a part of a political party.
Federal and Unitary
Constitutions can also be divided into unitary and federal types. The federal constitution provides the ability to create the governments at the state level, line in the United States of America. These governments can also have their constitutions. Nevertheless, these should be connected and controlled by the central government.
The Unitary Constitution does not accept any governmental power beyond the central government. Still, it can also provide the devolution of power to parts of a country on the local level.
Political and Legal
The political constitution is connected with people who hold the political power in a country. The political constitution is based on the concept of majoritarianism. It means that the elected majority can enact laws that will affect the electorate. The political constitution is flexible and changeable.
A Legal constitution is heavily scripted. One of the main proclamation of this Constitution is the Supreme Court. This legislative body is prescribed to make any changes of the constitution possible. This body also controls and monitor the process of constitutional changes.
Types of Constitution in the world
All types of constitutions in the world are unique for every country, be it in the United States or in Africa. Nevertheless, all of these constitutions can be analyzed. According to this analysis, the constitution of a country can be determined in terms of one or more of the types mentioned above. Read more and learn more with us!
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