Nigerian Government Plans to Borrow N11 Trillion as CBN Loans to FG Hits N20 Trillion

Nigerian Government Plans to Borrow N11 Trillion as CBN Loans to FG Hits N20 Trillion

  • The Nigerian government's loans from the Central Bank of Nigeria has hit N20 trillion as there are plans to borrow about N11 trillion more
  • The Nigerian government has been borrowing from the CBN through Ways and Means Advances to fund budget shortfalls
  • There is has increased borrowings from the CBN since Buhari became president in 2015, surging to N2.01 trillion from N789.67 billion

The Nigerian government has no plans to stop borrowing from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), as its debts to the bank climbed to N695 billion last month.

BusinessDay data from the CBN shows that the federal government borrowed N3.15 trillion from the CBN in seven months at the end of July.

President Buhari, CBN, Loans
President Muahammadu Buhari Credit: Bloomberg/Contributor
Source: UGC

World Bank, IMF cry out over excessive borrowings

There have been outcries from several quarters, including the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), over Nigeria’s excessive borrowings from the apex bank.

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According to the Debt Management Office, the CBN is not listed as a creditor to the Nigerian government as public debt stock increased by N20.04 trillion in the first quarter of 2022 to stand at N41.60 trillion.

The World Bank, in its Nigeria Development Update (NDU) report, said that in the face of heightened risks, the government had kept a ‘business-as-usual’ attitude that stopped prospects for economic growth and job creation.

The international lender stated that funding the fiscal deficit and trade inhibitions of Nigeria’s apex bank have continued to fuel inflationary pressures in the country.

Inflation had spiked to 19.64 per cent in the latest figures released in July, which is the highest in 17 years and undercut purchasing power of the Nigerian public.

Borrowings under Buhari surge

CBN loans to the Nigerian government via the Ways and Means Advance increased by N4.34 trillion last year to N17.45 trillion in December.

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Ways and Means Advances is a facility the CBN uses to fund the government in periods of interim budget shortfalls subject to limits allowed by the law.

Under Buhari, the Nigerian government has obtained about N19.82 trillion since he became president in 2015.

Before Buhari, total CBN loans to the federal government from CBN stood at N789.67 billion, while claims on the CBN were N1.48 trillion and liabilities to the Nigerian government were N2.01 trillion.

Two Nigerian States Have Highest Debt Exposure to China as Total Debt Stock Hits $100 Billion R reported that as of November last year, two Nigerian states have the highest debt exposure to China, and Nigeria's debt to the Asian country has hit about $3.4b billion.

According to data from Debt Management Office (DMO), the states of Kaduna and Cross River has the highest debt to China, given through China's Exim Bank.

The states are also exposed to lenders like Japan International Corporation (Jica) India and KFW Development Bank.


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