- Most countries in Africa have witnessed net migration in the first half of this year as citizens seek alternatives for better life
- However, data shows that more countries are facing migration problems as more people leave their country than people come in
- However, there are other countries on the continent seeing positive immigration results as more foreigners move in
According to the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECID), net migration is the difference between the immigration and emigration rates in a country in a specific period, usually a year.
The World Bank also says that the number of immigrations subtracted from emigrants, including citizens and foreigners, constitutes net migration.
What net migration is
Business Insider says a nation’s migration rate is perceived as negative if the number of emigrants exceeds the number of immigrants. That is, it is negative when more people relocate from a country than those coming into it.
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In contrast, it is positive when people come into a country than leave.
The data and statistics website, Statista says positive net immigration also shows that the number of international migrants coming into a particular country is higher than that of other countries.
The negative rate shows the number of emigrants is higher than immigrants.
The net migration rate for Africa in 2022 -is 0.369 per cent per 1000 residents.
The 20 countries in Africa with the highest migration rates in 2022, according to Statista, are presented below.
10 African countries with the highest positive net migration rates
- South Sudan: 20.97 per 1,000 peope
- Equatorial Guinea: 13.96 per 1,000 people
- Burundi: 7.09 per 1,000 people
- Djibouti: 4.59 per 1,000 people
- Gabon: 3.67 per 1,000 people
- Botswana: 2.81 per 1,000 people
- Sierra Leone: 2.03 per 1,000 people
- Ivory Coast: 1.18 per 1,000 people
- Seychelles: 0.86 per 1,000 people
- Benin: 0.24 per 1,000 people
10 African countries with the highest negative net migration rates
- Eritrea: -10.11 per 1,000 inhabitants
- Sao Tome and Principe: -7.19 per 1,000 people
- Eswatini: -6.16 per 1,000 people
- Zimbabwe: -4.83 per 1,000 people
- Lesotho: -4.55 per 1,000 people
- Guinea Bissau: -3.63 per 1,000 people
- Uganda: -3.26 per 1,000 people
- Central African Republic: -3.22 per 1,000 people
- Rwanda: -3.21 per 1,000 people
- Mali: -3.08 per 1,000 people
List of 34 heavily indebted African countries, according to World Bank
Recall that Legit.ng reported that according to Business Insider, there are 34 poor countries in Africa that are heavily indebted. The list is a joint initiative of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
The initiative was launched in 1996. Information from the IMF Fact Sheet says the initiative wants to ensure that no poor country ever faces a debt burden that it cannot manage.
The debt relief efforts work through multilateral financial organisations including the global lenders and they collaborate with the governments of poor countries to lower and reduce external debts to manageable levels.