Background of the study in research: how to write one (2020)

Background of the study in research: how to write one (2020)

The background of the study is one of the key aspects you need to get right when you are writing a research paper. It is the key to introducing your readers to the topic of your research, and it is different from the introduction. Here is how to write background of the study in research studies.

Background of the study

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What is background of study?

The background of the study is a part of a research provided in the introduction section of the paper. The background of the study is a compilation of adequate information that is based on the analysis of the problem or proposed argument, the steps and methods needed to arrive at the design and the implementation of the results achieved and feasible solutions.

It is different from the introduction. The introduction only contains the preliminary information about your research question, or thesis topic and readers will be learning in your paper. It is simply and overviews the research question or thesis topic. But the background of your study is more in-depth and explains why your research topic or thesis is worth the time of your readers. Your paper background of study will provide your readers with context to the information talked about throughout your research paper. It can include both relevant and essential studies.

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Background of the study is used to prove that a thesis question is relevant and also to develop the thesis. In summary, a good background of the study is the work done to determine that your research question or thesis topic is a problem and that the method used is the one required to solve the issue or answer the question.

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How to write the background of study in research paper

How to write background of the study in a research paper

  • Stage 1. At the beginning stages of formulating your thesis, many of the issues are still very unclear, and you need to solidify your thoughts, you should conduct preliminary research. You conduct this preliminary research on the specific topic, and the area of study will help you to put forward a research question or thesis statement that will finally lead to more relevant and specific research. You can visit a library, check the Internet and other electronic databases to find preliminary sources such as scholarly journals and books about your background of the study.
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  • Stage 2. Read and gather the information you need to develop a thesis statement or research question that will guide your thesis. You should take notes and also keep an accurate track of the sources of information you have used up to this point. A lot of people use note cards, but it’s easier and better to use electronic note-taking programs in this electronic age. Just make sure to use a form or recording that is comfortable and easier for you. Also, make sure you cite the source of every information you are using on each note so that you won’t forget where you got the information from, just in case you want to use it in your thesis
How to do a background of the study in a research paper
  • Stage 3. Develop and pen down research question or thesis statement. Think about the things you’ve read and searched for issues or solutions that have been found by other people and then formulate your stance or opinion on the issue. Write out your position or opinion as an authoritative statement. You can decide to do more detailed research at this point and look for more sources that are more relevant to your research question or thesis.
  • Stage 4. Complete your research using question and thesis statement as your guide. You should be able to find sources that are relevant to your specific thesis and provide more insight into your research question. It is critical that your sources provide information on the history and past researches related to your thesis or research question.
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How to write a background of the study in a research paper
  • Stage 5. As you create your background study, create relevant sections. When you start writing, create five different sections that have the key issues, major findings, and the controversies that are surrounding your research question or thesis and also a section that provides evaluation and a conclusion.
  • Stage 6. Identify the further studies that need to be done in the in the conclusion section. And also mention possible solutions to the issue that have not been put into consideration in the past.
  • Stage 7. Do a revision and editing of your background of the study. You can write out several drafts of your work, revising, editing, and adding more information as you do so before coming up with the final one. Make sure each draft is better than the previous. You can also ask someone else to help you go through it.
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How to write a background of the study

A writing format

You can follow this format when you are writing your background of the study:

  • Begin by giving a general overview of your thesis topic and introduce the main ideas you will be making use of throughout your thesis.
  • Then, give the detailed and precise information about all the methodologies used in the research. This can take up to several paragraphs depending on the individual and research question or thesis topic.
  • Cite your sources where necessary to avoid plagiarism.
  • Then you can introduce the experiment by describing your choice of methodology briefly, why you have decided to use this methodology instead of others and the objective of the methodology.

We hope this information has been helpful to you. Read also other useful posts on our website to improve your writing skills.


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