List of North African countries and their capitals
Northern Africa is a very important and populated part of the continent. In this post, we are going to tell you about North African countries and their capitals. Many of these cities are the economic and cultural centers of Africa, so it is time to know more about them.
Northern Africa is the subregion, which occupies about ten million square kilometers of the mainland. It is worth to note that the most of this area is the Sahara Desert. In this regard, it should be understood that the countries of North Africa are few, although large.
The countries are located along ocean coast and in river valleys because in other territories people do not have enough resources for life. Although the number of indigenous people in northern Africa is small, they try to preserve their traditions.
North African countries list
- Tunisia (the capital is Tunis city)
- Egypt (the capital is Cairo city)
- Morocco (the capital is Rabat city)
- Algeria (the capital is Algiers city)
- West Sahara (the capital is Laayoune city)
- Mauritania (the capital is Nouakchott city)
- Libya (the capital is Tripoli city)
- Sudan (the capital is Khartoum city)
- South Sudan (the capital is Juba city)
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The first four countries on this list are most attractable for tourists in any season.
Basically, in this part of the mainland, there are only large countries, only a few of them are characterized by an area of one million square kilometers. The rest have more than one and a half million square kilometers, such as Sudan, Algeria and Libya.
The countries and capitals of North Africa in the coastal zone are very convenient for living, as there is a Mediterranean climate.
But still, the most of territory is allocated to Sahara desert, with the hottest days and very cool nights. There live only some local people who know how to survive in such harsh conditions.
Most of the countries of this area are developing, only Mauritania and Sudan are among the most developed countries in the world. In this part of Africa, there are all kinds of minerals that are needed by the whole planet, so the export gives a great hope for further development.
Let’s see more details of Northern Africa countries and capitals
Most often, speaking of North Africa, tourists remember exactly about Egypt, because this country is not just warm and friendly, but also the heiress of the most ancient civilization.
Egyptian lands are at the junction of three parts of the world - Africa, Europe and Asia, that fact is a unique feature. The Suez Canal serves as a connecting passage between two important water bodies - the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
Egypt has a luxurious natural environment:
- tropical climate;
- the Nile River;
- minerals (iron ore, oil and gas).
From the economic point of view, this country is developing, based on making a profit from:
- export of oil;
- duties from passing ships;
- selling local agriculture products;
The population of Egypt is more than 60 million people, and the number is constantly growing. A rich Egyptian culture and history are very inviting for the tourists from around the world.
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The capital is Cairo city, it is considered as the largest African city (it has more than 15 million inhabitants). This North African capital city is characterized by diversity - it has luxurious hotels, populous colorful markets, the local museum has worldwide fame. In addition, the capital is an important centre of Islam.
Tourists also prefer to travel in Tunisia, the country is located on the Mediterranean coast. The country has amazing geographical data:
- in the south of the country there is Sahara Desert;
- one-third of the territory is the Atlas Mountains;
- there are salt lakes in the central areas;
- exported minerals (iron ore, oil, phosphites);
- Mediterranean climate.
The main indicators of the economy of Tunisia are:
- mining industry;
- tourism health-improving directions;
The most attractive aspects for tourists are:
- coral coast with the ports of Dugga, Bizerte, Tabarka;
- ruins of the ancient and powerful city-state of Carthage;
- a large ancient Roman Coliseum, located in El Jem;
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The capital of Tunisia is the Tunis city, which is good-natured to tourists. There you can see medieval Muslim bazaars, adjacent to modern buildings. The city has cultural and religious sights.
Morocco is now increasingly frequented by numerous international groups of tourists. The country is closer to the Atlantic Ocean, on its territory there are the Atlas Mountains and Sahara Desert. There are two types of climate - Mediterranean and Subtropical.
The capital of Morocco is called Rabat - one of the central tourist centres. This city is the embodiment of Moroccan history and modernity unification.
It is extreme tourism that has become the reason for the attractiveness of Algeria. Algiers - the capital city is an old town with the population of around 5,000,000. The city has alternative name Alger la Blanche ("Algiers the White").
West Sahara - it is the country of Maghreb region of North Africa. The country fought for independence and only in 2016 the European Union recognized the country's independence from Morocco. Unfortunately, the political situation in the country remains unstable even today.
Laayoune - is the name of capital city, the name can be literary translated as “The Springs”. The city was founded by Spanish colonizers.
Mauritania - this is the country from the list of largest countries of Africa. The name of country comes from the ancient Berber kingdom. As for the name of the capital Nouakchott it can be translated as "place of the winds". Before 1958 it was a small village, and then it was chosen as a capital.
Libya - the country of Maghreb region of northern Africa. This is the ancient Berbers territory, but it gained independence a country only in 1951. The capital is Tripoli, the largest city in the country. The city is located on the edge of the desert, there is a port and the city is main manufacturing and commercial centre. The city was founded in 7th century BC by the Phoenicians.
Sudan - the county is also known as North Sudan. Sudan is among the three largest countries of the continent (the area is 1,886,068 square kilometers). It is known that in ancient time Sudan was the Kingdom of Nubia. The largest city is Khartoum, it is also a capital of the country. The city is an economic and cultural centre of Sudan.
South Sudan - the country has become independent from North Sudan in 2011. The population is 12 million people, and a major religion is Christianity. A capital city Juba is a river port at the Nile river.
Now you know what countries are in North Africa, all the counties have a rich history and culture. We will continue to share with you more information about this region.
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