List of African countries and their current presidents

List of African countries and their current presidents

Africa is a very rich continent with very colorful landscapes and bright weather contrasts. How many countries in Africa, how many presidents, and what is the mainland in general? If you are interested in the political map of Africa, then this article is completely for you. We present to you a list of African countries and their current presidents. Don`t miss this! It will be interesting.

African countries and their current presidents

How many countries in Africa

Africa is the second largest continent after Eurasia. From the north, the African land is washed by the Mediterranean Sea, from the northeast by the Red Sea, by the Indian Ocean by the east and south, and by the Atlantic from the west. African islands cover an area of ​​about 1 million square km. The largest of these islands are Madagascar, Seychelles, Madeira, Canary Islands, Cape Verde Islands. In the postcolonial era, international organizations and governments viewed Africa as two regions: Sahara Africa (less developed, traditional cultures, Black Africa) and North Africa (a more developed region with industrial centers, the influence of Islam, people with roots from the Middle East, "Arab Africa").

Beautiful Africa

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Such a regional classification led to a common, but false, belief that North Africa was not really Africa, apart from its location on the African continent. Today, geographers, historians, and sociologists point out that this division of Africa into two main areas was based on outdated and dubious ideas. While it is true that North Africa has a common Arab heritage that differs from the population of other regions in Africa, there are many social, cultural, historical, as well as geographical features that unite North Africa with areas of sub-Saharan Africa.

The African continent is not the biggest, but here the largest number of countries is fifty-four. The total number of states and dependent territories in Africa is 62 (of which 54 are independent). This includes 10 islands, 16 intercontinental and 37 states with wide access to the seas and oceans. African countries are conventionally divided into 5 regions - North, South, Central, West, and East.

Political map of Africa

List of all African countries and their current presidents

Currently, most states in Africa have a republican form of government. Three monarchies - Morocco, Lesotho, and Swaziland. The UN classifies practically all African states as a group of developing countries. The exception is the only economically developed country on the continent - the Republic of South Africa. The successes of the struggle of African states for the strengthening of political and economic independence depend very much on the political forces that are in power.

The largest state in Africa is Sudan, and the smallest is the Gambia. By the way, Africa is on the second place not only in the number of countries but also in the number of people living here, as well as in size. Let's get acquainted with African countries and presidents.

1. Algeria

  • Region: North Africa
  • Capital: Algiers
  • Current President: Abdelaziz Bouteflika (1999–present)
Flag of Algeria

2. Angola

  • Region: Central Africa
  • Capital: Luanda
  • Current President: João Lourenço (2017–present)
Flag of Angola

3. Benin

  • Region: West Africa
  • Capital: Porto Novo
  • Current President: Patrice Talon,(2016–present)
Flag of Benin

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4. Botswana

  • Region: South Africa
  • Capital: Gaborone
  • Current President: Mokgweetsi Masisi (2018–present)
Flag of Botswana

5. Burkina Faso

  • Region: West Africa
  • Capital: Ouagadougou
  • Current President: Roch Marc Christian Kaboré (2015–present)
Flag of Burkina Faso

6. Burundi

  • Region: East Africa
  • Capital: Bujumbura
  • Current President: Pierre Nkurunziza (2005–present)
Flag of Burundi

7. Cameroon

  • Region: Central Africa
  • Capital: Yaounde
  • Current President: Paul Biya (1982–present)
Flag of Cameroon

8. Cape Verde

  • Region: West Africa
  • Capital: Praia
  • Current President: Jorge Carlos Fonseca (2011–present)
Flag of Cape Verde

9. The Central African Republic

  • Region: Central Africa
  • Capital: Bangui
  • Current President: Faustin-Archange Touadéra (2016–present)
Flag of Central African Republic

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10. Chad

  • Region: Central Africa
  • Capital: Ndjamena
  • Current President: Idriss Déby (1990–present)
Flag of Chad

11. Comoros

  • Region: East Africa
  • Capital: Moroni
  • Current President: Azali Assoumani (2016–present)
Flag of Comoros

12. Congo–Brazzaville (Republic of the Congo)

  • Region: Central Africa
  • Capital: Brazzaville
  • Current President: Denis Sassou Nguesso (1997–present)
Flag of Congo–Brazzaville

13. Congo–Kinshasa (The Democratic Republic of the Congo)

  • Region: Central Africa
  • Capital: Kinshasa
  • Current President: Joseph Kabila (2001–present)
Flag of Congo–Kinshasa

14. Djibouti

  • Region: East Africa
  • Capital: Djibouti
  • Current President: Ismaïl Omar Guelleh (1999–present)
Flag of Djibouti

15. Egypt

  • Region: North Africa
  • Capital: Cairo
  • Current President: Abdel Fattah el-Sisi (2014–present)
Flag of Egypt

16. Equatorial Guinea

  • Region: Central Africa
  • Capital: Malabo
  • Current President: Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (1979–present)
Flag of Equatorial Guinea

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17. Eritrea

  • Region: East Africa
  • Capital: Asmara
  • Current President: Isaias Afwerki (1991–present)
Flag of Eritrea

18. Ethiopia

  • Region: East Africa
  • Capital: Addis Ababa
  • Current President: Sahle-Work Zewde (2018–present)
Flag of Ethiopia

19. Gabon

  • Region: Central Africa
  • Capital: Libreville
  • Current President: Ali Bongo Ondimba (2009–present)
Flag of Gabon

20. The Gambia

  • Region: West Africa
  • Capital: Banjul
  • Current President: Adama Barrow (2017–present)
Flag of The Gambia

21. Ghana

  • Region: West Africa
  • Capital: Accra
  • Current President: Nana Akufo-Addo (2017–present)
Flag of Ghana

22. Guinea

  • Region: West Africa
  • Capital: Conakry
  • Current President: Alpha Condé (2010–present)
Flag of Guinea

23. Guinea-Bissau

  • Region: West Africa
  • Capital: Bissau
  • Current President: José Mário Vaz (2014–present)
Flag of Guinea-Bissau

24. Ivory Coast (Côte d’Ivoire)

  • Region: West Africa
  • Capital: Yamoussoukro
  • Current President: Alassane Ouattara (2010–present)
Flag of Ivory Coast

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25. Kenya

  • Region: East Africa
  • Capital: Nairobi
  • Current President: Uhuru Kenyatta (2013–present)
Flag of Kenya

26. Lesotho

  • Region: South Africa
  • Capital: Maseru
  • Current President: Monarch – Letsie III, King of Lesotho (1996–present)
Flag of Lesotho

27. Liberia

  • Region: West Africa
  • Capital: Monrovia
  • Current President: George Weah (2018–present)
Flag of Liberia

28. Libya

  • Region: North Africa
  • Capital: Tripoli

The government of the country is split between the House of Representatives (Government of Libya internationally recognised until 12 March 2016) and the National Salvation Government (Government of Libya internationally recognised as the sole legitimate government of Libya from 12 March 2016).

  • Current President from House of Representatives: Aguila Saleh Issa, Chairman of the House of Representatives of Libya (co-claimant, 2014–present)
  • Current President from National Salvation Government: Fayez al-Sarraj, Chairman of the Presidential Council of Libya (co-claimant, 2016–present)
Flag of Libya

29. Madagascar

  • Region: East Africa
  • Capital: Antananarivo
  • Current President: Rivo Rakotovao (2018–present)
Flag of Madagascar

30. Malawi

  • Region: East Africa
  • Capital: Lilongwe
  • Current President: Peter Mutharika (2014–present)
Flag of Malawi

31. Mali

  • Region: West Africa
  • Capital: Bamako
  • Current President: Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta (2013–present)
Flag of Mali

32. Mauritania

  • Region: West Africa
  • Capital: Nouakchott
  • Current President: Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz (2009–present)
Flag of Mauritania

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33. Mauritius

  • Region: East Africa
  • Capital: Port Louis
  • Current President: Barlen Vyapoory (2018–present)
Flag of Mauritius

34. Morocco

  • Region: North Africa
  • Capital: Rabat
  • Current President: Monarch – Mohammed VI, King of Morocco (1999–present)
Flag of Morocco

35. Mozambique

  • Region: East Africa
  • Capital: Maputo
  • Current President: Filipe Nyusi (2015–present)
Flag of Mozambique

36. Namibia

  • Region: South Africa
  • Capital: Windhoek
  • Current President: Hage Geingob (2015–present)
Flag of Namibia

37. Niger

  • Region: West Africa
  • Capital: Niamey
  • Current President: Mahamadou Issoufou (2011–present)
Flag of Niger

38. Nigeria

  • Region: West Africa
  • Capital: Abuja
  • Current President: Muhammadu Buhari (2015–present)
Flag of Nigeria

39. Rwanda

  • Region: East Africa
  • Capital: Kigali
  • Current President: Paul Kagame (2000–present)
Flag of Rwanda

40. Sao Tome and Principe

  • Region: Central Africa
  • Capital: Sao Tome
  • Current President: Evaristo Carvalho (2016–present)
Flag of São Tomé and Príncipe

41. Senegal

  • Region: West Africa
  • Capital: Dakar
  • Current President: Macky Sall (2012–present)
Flag of Senegal

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42. Seychelles

  • Region: East Africa
  • Capital: Victoria
  • Current President: Danny Faure (2016–present)
Flag of Seychelles

43. Sierra Leone

  • Region: West Africa
  • Capital: Freetown
  • Current President: Julius Maada Bio (2018–present)
Flag of Sierra Leone

44. Somalia

  • Region: East Africa
  • Capital: Mogadishu
  • Current President: Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed (2017–present)
Flag of Somalia

45. South Africa

  • Region: South Africa
  • Capital: Pretoria (executive), Bloemfontein (judiciary), and Capetown (legislative)
  • Current President: Cyril Ramaphosa (2018–present)
Flag of South Africa

46. South Sudan

  • Region: North Africa
  • Capital: Juba
  • Current President: Salva Kiir Mayardit (2005–present)
Flag of South Sudan

47. Sudan

  • Region: North Africa
  • Capital: Khartoum
  • Current President: Omar al-Bashir (1989–present)
Flag of Sudan

48. Swaziland

  • Region: South Africa
  • Capital: Lobamba (royal & legislature) and Mbabane (administrative)
  • Current President: Monarch – Mswati III, King of Swaziland (1986–present)
Flag of Swaziland

49. Tanzania

  • Region: East Africa
  • Capital: Dar es Salaam (traditional capital) and Dodoma (location of the legislature)
  • Current President: John Magufuli (2015–present)
Flag of Tanzania

50. Togo

  • Region: West Africa
  • Capital: Lome
  • Current President: Faure Gnassingbe (2005–present)
Flag of Togo

51. Tunisia

  • Region: North Africa
  • Capital: Tunis
  • Current President: Beji Caid Essebsi (2014–present)
Flag of Tunisia

52. Uganda

  • Region: East Africa
  • Capital: Kampala
  • Current President: Yoweri Museveni (1986–present)
Flag of Uganda

53. Zambia

  • Region: East Africa
  • Capital: Lusaka
  • Current President: Edgar Lungu (2015–present)
Flag of Zambia

54. Zimbabwe

  • Region: East Africa
  • Capital: Harare
  • Current President: Emmerson Mnangagwa (2017–present)
Flag of Zimbabwe

The story is such that the political map of Africa a hundred years ago was completely different from what it is now. Most of the territories were conquered by European countries and declared subordinate colonies. France and the British Empire grabbed the most, but there was something to profit from Spain, Portugal, the Netherlands, Belgium, Italy, and Germany. In the middle of the twentieth century, after a powerful anti-colonial wave, almost all African countries gained independence in one form or another, at the same time the borders and names changed.

However, this did not at all contribute to the establishment of peace, but somewhere, on the contrary, military conflicts still lasted. The most recent example is Sudan until recently the largest country in Africa concerning territory - religious, inter-ethnic, economic conflicts led to the fact that a significant part of the state, called South Sudan, broke away from the state. The same can be said about the separation of Eritrea, which is strongly influenced by Italy, from Ethiopia.

For a long time the mainland was divided between the major European colonial powers, and only in the last century did their countries gain independence. For many centuries the slave trade, the ruthless exploitation of the natural wealth of the continent, the extermination of the indigenous population did not allow African countries to develop freely. Today, most of them are still only on the path of their formation, overcoming hunger, poverty, and civil wars. Assistance to African countries is one of the most important tasks for the modern world community.

You have learned the political map of Africa, in particular with the list of its countries and current presidents. The following resources were used for this article. We hope that our article has helped you to know better the African leaders and answer all your questions.

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Source: Legit.ng

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