Science subjects for WAEC 2024: The list and all the details

Science subjects for WAEC 2024: The list and all the details

The West African Examinations Council, commonly known as WAEC, is an examination body established in 1952. Its mandate is to determine the examinations required in the public interest in English-speaking West African countries, conduct those exams, and award certificates equivalent to those of other international exam bodies. Students can register for different study options under WAEC. These include science, arts, and commerce subjects. What are the science subjects for WAEC students?

A happy male student using a laptop (L) and the WAEC logo (R)
WAEC is an examination board that administers standardized tests in West African countries. Photo: VioletaStoimenova, @waecdigitalcert (modified by author)
Source: UGC


The WAEC is pivotal in the academic journey of students across West Africa. For science students gearing up for WAEC 2024, it’s crucial to understand the subjects involved, the compulsory subjects, and other essential details. Each study option has nine units. Four vary from option to option, while five are compulsory among all students.

What is WAEC?

It is a West African examination body mandated to determine the examinations required in the public interest in English-speaking West African countries, conduct those exams, and award certificates equivalent to those of other international exam bodies.

Read also

Apply: Stanbic Bank announces N80m scholarship opportunities for Nigerian students

Science subjects for WAEC 2024

WAEC offers a wide range of subjects for students in different academic streams. For science students, the selection includes core sciences, applied sciences, and essential foundational subjects.

9 compulsory subjects for science students

For science students, certain subjects are mandatory to ensure a well-rounded education and to meet the requirements for higher education and professional pursuits. Here is a list of science subjects in WAEC.

  1. One trade subject
  2. Agricultural science or economics
  3. Biology
  4. Chemistry
  5. Civic education
  6. English
  7. Geography
  8. Mathematics
  9. Physics

What are the compulsory subjects in WAEC?

Here is a look at the five WAEC subjects each candidate must study and get examined for.

  • Civic Education
  • Economics (optional for some candidates)
  • English
  • Mathematics
  • One trade subject

What are the WAEC subjects for Computer Science​​?

For students interested in Computer Science, it’s essential to focus on subjects that provide a strong foundation in both theoretical and practical aspects of computing. Key WAEC subjects for aspiring computer scientists include:

Read also

“Apply with the link”: First bank announces job vacancy, invites qualified Nigerians to submit CV

  • Mathematics
  • Further mathematics
  • Physics
  • Computer studies/ICT
An examination paper, calculator, and pencil
WAEC is responsible for conducting examinations that are used for educational certification. Photo:, @MarandaP
Source: UGC

To excel in WAEC, using the right textbooks is crucial. WAEC provides a list of recommended textbooks for all subjects, which can typically be found on their official website or through school guidance. These textbooks are tailored to cover the syllabus comprehensively, ensuring students are well-prepared for their exams.

How many subjects are written in WAEC for science student?

All candidates must have nine subjects on their registration form. These include the five compulsory units and four additional ones determined by one’s study speciality.

What is a trade subject?

It is a course that offers offer students the opportunity to acquire some entrepreneurship skills by instilling in them hands-on skills. Common options include carpentry and joinery, upholstery, painting, plumbing, welding, woodworking, mechanic, and bookkeeping.

Is a trade subject compulsory in WAEC?

Read also

Top university in UK set to give N14.7m to Nigerians who want to study for masters on scholarship

Yes, every student must have at least one trade subject on their list.

Who can be a WAEC examiner?

Examiners are typically graduate teachers in secondary schools or lecturers in colleges of education, universities, and polytechnics. A prospective examiner must be a graduate in the unit he is appointed to mark.

Does WAEC replace lost certificates?

No. Instead, the body usually issues statements of results to the owners of lost certificates or, when necessary, confirms their results for a fee.

How to check subjects you registered for WAEC?

WAEC Request Management System portal
WAEC awards certificates to students who pass their exams. Photo:
Source: UGC

If you registered for WAEC as a private candidate, you can confirm your registered subjects using your WAEC Computerized Assisted School System (CASS) reference number. Here is what you can do:

  1. Visit the WAEC Request Management System.
  2. Look for the service titled "CASS Confirmation".
  3. Enter your CASS reference number and your email address in the designated fields.
  4. Click "Proceed".
  5. This will display the subjects you registered for under your CASS reference.

Read also

“Students risk losing their sponsor licence”: UK announces strict rule for Nigerian students, others

In which countries does WAEC conduct exams?

The body conducts exams in various Anglophone West African countries. These include Ghana, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Liberia, and the Gambia.

What are other WAEC options besides science?

One can also choose social sciences, arts, or commercial options.

How many subjects are in the WAEC syllabus?

The syllabus currently has 105 units. These include all options available under the science, arts, social sciences, and commerce subject options.

When is WAEC 2024 starting?

The first series of the WASSCE for private candidates has already concluded, running from January 31st to February 17th, 2024. The May/June series of the WASSCE for school candidates began on Monday, May 6th, 2024, and will end on Friday, June 21st, 2024.

There are nine science subjects for WAEC. These include the five units that are compulsory for all WAEC students, and four additional ones designed for science students. Having this information is essential for the subject registration.

Read also

TESCOM receives 32,000 applications for 1,000 public school teaching positions in Ondo recently published an article about the largest universities in Nigeria. The country is renowned for its vibrant economy and numerous educational institutions. These universities vary greatly in size, student population, and courses offered.

Which are the largest institutions of higher education in Nigeria, how big are they, and what are they best known for?


Jackline Wangare avatar

Jackline Wangare (Lifestyle writer) Jackline Simwa is a content writer at, where she has worked since mid-2021. She tackles diverse topics, including finance, entertainment, sports, and lifestyle. Previously, she worked at The Campanile by Kenyatta University. She has more than five years in writing. Jackline graduated with a Bachelor’s degree in Economics (2019) and a Diploma in Marketing (2015) from Kenyatta University. In 2023, Jackline finished the AFP course on Digital Investigation Techniques and Google News Initiative course in 2024. Email:

Adrianna Simwa avatar

Adrianna Simwa (Lifestyle writer) Adrianna Simwa is a content writer at where she has worked since mid-2022. She has written for many periodicals on a variety of subjects, including news, celebrities, and lifestyle, for more than three years. She has worked for The Hoth, The Standard Group and Triple P Media. Adrianna graduated from Nairobi University with a Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA) in 2020. In 2023, Simwa finished the AFP course on Digital Investigation Techniques. You can reach her through her email: