What are the main factors affecting curriculum implementation in Nigeria? Students are the central figure of any curriculum development. Full implementation takes place when learners acquire the planned skills, attitudes and ideas which are aimed to enable them effectively and optimally in the society.
What is curriculum implementation?
It provides putting into practice the officially prescribed courses of study. The whole process is tailored to help students acquire certain subjects for their study. It’s important to understand that curriculum implementation in Nigeria is not possible without students.
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Let’s take a look at the top 8 factors that affect curriculum implementation in Nigeria
Top 8 factors for curriculum implementation
Teachers are the first people to implement their role in the curriculum for their students. They usually select what they need to teach to their students and how it may affect the whole teaching process. Therefore, their curriculum is provided to be alternative as teachers may decide what they want to teach and what the really need to teach.
Teachers are usually involved in constructing and implementation of curriculum in Nigeria.
Learners may also influence the curriculum implementation in Nigeria. If teachers are provided to be the arbiters of the learning process, but the learners actually hold the key to the idea of curriculum activity. The official learning process is quite different from the one that is prescribed by the ideas of country.
6. Resource Materials and Facilities
It’s obvious that no meaningful teaching process can be provided without resources and facilities. This factor significantly changes the whole picture of what happens right now. The Ministry of Education has problems providing necessary resources to the all educational institutions in Nigeria. In some schools, students have to pay for their books and even supply their schools with necessary equipment.
Therefore, the implementation of curriculum is impossible without providing necessary elements for education. Rural areas especially suffer from the lack of resources.
5. Interest Groups
The interest group also play the major role in the development and implementation of curriculum in Nigeria. Who are these groups that may have influence on the development of curriculum in our country? They are usually holders of great financial resources and may influence the political structure of our country.
The curriculum may also be outdated and their implementation are not necessary and even harmful in some cases.
4. The School Environment
Implementation of curriculum is also affected by the school environment. For instance, if a school located in a quiet and pleasant socioeconomic area, then this school may implement some extracurricular activities that can be suited for the people of that area.
At the same time, if a school is situated in not the best place on earth then it’s highly possible that the school may change the whole curriculum to support the interest of learners. Therefore, the school environment may decide if they need to follow the curriculum.
3. Culture and Ideology
Culture and ideology may also change the implementation of curriculum in schools. Culture differences are present in different parts of the country and even in the same school. Therefore, culture may provide various interesting decisions in implementing curriculum in Nigeria.
2. Instructional Supervision
Implementation of curriculum is not possible without supervisory functions provided by the government.
Examination changes the way you think about curriculum. It provides new standards to meet and all educational institutions will have an opportunity to meet these standards or change them accordingly.
The implementation of curriculum is possible in many ways. Nevertheless, it’s advised to consider every possible factor that can affect curriculum implementation in order to develop effective curriculum for education.