“Working for 1hr Shows You Are Employed”: Nigeria’s Unemployment Rate Drops to 4.1% in Q1 2023

“Working for 1hr Shows You Are Employed”: Nigeria’s Unemployment Rate Drops to 4.1% in Q1 2023

  • The NBS in its latest report, has revealed that Nigeria's unemployment rate has reduced from 33%
  • The improvement follows the change in methodology used to calculate the unemployment rate in Nigeria
  • The federal government has consistently criticised the unemployment data, noting that its efforts put in place are not properly captured

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Nigeria’s unemployment rate has dropped to 4.1% for the first quarter of 2023 from 5.3 percent recorded in the previous quarter.

This was disclosed in the latest report titled Nigeria’s Labour Force Survey (NLFS) prepared by the National Bureau of Statistics, World Bank and International Labour Organisation’s (ILO) released on Thursday, August 24, 2023.

Unemployment figures Nigeria
Primary job types among employed Nigerians in Q1 2023 Photo credit: NBS
Source: Facebook

The new unemployment figure represents a huge drop from the unemployment rate at 33.3 percent reported in the fourth quarter of 2020.

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Legit.ng observed that the drop in unemployment figure is not for the creation of more jobs, but redefinition of unemployment in line with the ILO guideline.

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The new and old unemployment methodology

In the new report, NBS stated:

"The revised methodology aligns with our contemporaries in Africa such as Ghana, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Benin, Gambia etc is in line with international best practices.
“The revised methodology defines employed persons as individuals who are working for pay or profit and who worked for at least one hour in the last seven days against 40 hours.
“The old methodology placed a range on the working-age population- 15 – 64 years, while considering working hours between 20-39 hours as underemployment, 1-19 hrs as unemployment.
“In addition, subsistence agriculture and temporary absentees from employment work were not properly represented as well as the absence of mutually exclusiveness of unemployment and employment.

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“The insult must stop immediately” Nigerians doubt NBS' 41% unemployment rate

“These improvements, among others, captured in the revised computations will make Nigeria’s Labour Force data comparable with other countries.”

The report also defined the underemployment rate as a share of employed people working less than 40 hours per week and declaring themselves willing and available to work more

Breakdown of NBS data

  • Unemployment rate: 4.1%

Female: 5.0%

Male: 3.1%

  • Underemployment rate: 12.2%

Female: 15.1%

Male: 9.4%

  • Unemployment is highest among the educated

Post secondary: 6.2%

Upper secondary: 4.7%

Junior secondary: 4.1%

Primary: 3.3%

None: 3.2%

UK releases list of 38 exciting jobs Nigerians

Meanwhile, in another report, Legit.ng revealed that the United Kingdom's government had released a list of occupations that immigrants can use to get a skilled work visa.

There are 38 occupations available, and qualified Nigerians looking to relocate can search for companies within the sector for a job.

However, one of the conditions that must be met is that applicants must be paid 80% of the job’s usual going rate to qualify for a skilled worker visa.

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Service sector leads as Nigeria's economy grows by 2.51% in first GDP report under President Bola Tinubu

Source: Legit.ng

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