It is impossible to imagine a laboratory (in a school, medical or scientific organisation) without special equipment. What are the most common laboratory apparatus names and uses? We are sure that some of these things can even be found in your home.
Superior gear that is designed for lab scientists, medical workers, students and school pupils can be used for different purposes. Some of the ordinary looking apparatus can magnify, weigh, and measure products and others can help us conduct various tests and essential experiments.
What is a common laboratory apparatus
You have probably ever asked yourself, "What is the meaning of 'laboratory apparatus'". It can be any piece of equipment created for use in a workroom to perform tests and conduct studies in the relevant field. Some pieces of the typical laboratory kit are safe to use, while others require special attention and safety requirements.
The common laboratory apparatus are the basic things that are applied everywhere, in physics and chemistry, in medical laboratories and educational institutions. Each piece has its unique name and is meant to be used in a particular way.
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20 common laboratory apparatus: their uses and names
What laboratory apparatus is used for heating? Which one is used to measure mass? What are other types of practices designed for this or that piece? The answers are below.
1. A microscope
Biologists, medical workers, and students love to use microscopes in their projects. This common piece of equipment is present in almost every laboratory. It is used to magnify anything that is tiny for our eyes to 1000 of times its normal size. It can also show the slightest details of a thing, even the invisible cells of plants and skin.
2. Triple beam balance
What laboratory apparatus is used to measure mass? It is a triple beam balance. It is not a regular scale used in the shops or at home. It is capable of measuring the accurate weight of chemicals (1, 2, 20 grams, etc.) and other objects required for the project or laboratory test.
3. Volumetric flasks
It is a popular type of laboratory apparatus used in chemistry. Whenever you have to measure a particular amount of liquid (and the volume matters a lot), you should choose the special volumetric flask that is designed to hold only a precise amount and no more. These glass flasks can be of different volume, for example, a 200-millilitre flagon, a 500-millilitre cup, etc.
4. A test tube
These are famous glass tubes designed to hold liquid and chemicals. Most of these tubes are up to 15 centimetres long. They have no marks. But they are transparent and make it easy to view what you have poured into each one, transport liquids, and sometimes even measure chemicals.
5. A bunsen burner
What laboratory apparatus is used for heating? Bunsen burners are the most common equipments that perform multiple functions. It not only heats various chemicals to create a particular reaction, but also works as a sterilizer.
6. A voltmeter
Students love this electronic meter. Voltmeters are used in electrical circuits. With their help, it is possible to measure the voltage between 2 points. It helps in scientific experiments, at schools and home.
When you need to measure liquid to perform an experiment or chemical reaction, you can use special containers called beakers. They are wider and bigger than regular test tubes, and they have a flat bottom.
8. A magnifying glass
Microscopes can often be replaced with a magnifying glass. Such common laboratory apparatus are popular in many homes. The glass can be used for reading directions written in tiny letters, viewing the smallest objects, etc.
9. A dropper
When you look at a dropper, you understand that each drop matters. This particular tool helps to add liquids or other solutions drop-wise, leaving no room for mistakes.
This small glassware with a rubber end is used in medicine and laboratories. It measures a liquid substance and allows one to transfer liquids from bottles with small necks into a new container.
This common laboratory equipment is well-known in each household. However, thermometers that are used for conducting tests and experiments are not home-like pieces even though they are also used to measure temperature.
12. A stirring rod
Liquids are often mixed in chemistry, but you cannot stir them with your finger. Special stirring rods can help with mixing several liquids or heating them in the classroom or a workroom.
13. Spring scales
It is another laboratory apparatus used to measure the mass of objects. Unlike beam balances, spring scales do not measure the material against another mass. Instead, it measures the distance when the material gets displaced due to its weight.
14. A watch glass
These pieces of laboratory equipment are used for chemical tests and in medical organisations. A watch glass is a square or circular surface that can hold samples of substance required for tests, weighing, heating, etc.
15. A wire gauze
Made of thin metal and looking like a mesh, this equipment is designed to help to heat glassware that cannot be directly heated by the burner or flame. It protects the glass tubes from being shocked by the fire and broken into pieces.
16. A tripod
Humans cannot carry the heated wire gauzes in hands. Thus, they need a piece of additional equipment that can perform this task. A tripod is a stand with three legs that can support the heating wire gauze during experiments.
17. Brushes for test tubes
Every test tube needs to be cleaned after holding chemicals and substances. These tubes are thin so using a regular piece of cloth won’t work. Test tube brushes are additional laboratory equipment that resolve cleaning problems.
When we talk about the 20 common laboratory apparatus and their uses, we have to remember that workhouses have to deal with dangerous substances and chemicals that cannot be touched by hand. Tongs can help to grab the tube or material and conduct a test. Many contemporary tongs can even hold beakers.
19. Lab funnels
These are special funnels that can work with chemicals and make sure you spill nothing when pouring the substance into a test tube or a different container, separating liquids, filtering materials, etc.
20. A burette
This common lab equipment is also very accurate when it adds liquid into the experiment. The tool comes with a stopcock which can be adjusted according to your task. It helps to slow down the amount of liquid that is released at a time and to make sure that the test will not fail due to the inaccurate addition of elements.
Every laboratory requires way more than 20 pieces of equipment. We have talked about the most common gear, but we haven’t mentioned the most important things that should keep you safe during the dangerous tests. Firstly, you need to reread the safety protocol before working. Secondly, you have to dress correctly to prevent injuries from splashes and spills. Always wear an additional coat or apron, closed shoes, latex gloves, and special goggles that protect your eyes.
Thirdly, keep all these tips in mind and remember the 20 common laboratory apparatus and their uses. Be safe while discovering new knowledge.