Farm tools and equipment are some of the things that make farming possible. There are numerous implements that are used for various purposes at different stages of farming, from soil preparation to planting and harvesting.
All professional farmers and gardeners have collections of tools and machines that they use in their fields to achieve maximum productivity while saving labour and time.
What are the names of farm tools?
Farm tools are instruments used on farms to aid work, reduce labour, and improve effectiveness.
Farm tools and equipment and their uses
What are the tools required for farming? There are different types of tools that are used in farming for different purposes and at different stages of production.
The following are some of the most common farm tools and their uses.
A Bolo is a knife-like instrument mainly used as a cutting tool. It is usually used for clearing vegetation, cutting tall weeds and grasses, and for chopping branches of trees.
Also called a wrecking bar, a crowbar is mainly used for digging holes. It is also used for digging out stones and stumps. It can also be used as a lever handgrip.
This is a common gardening and landscaping instrument. It is a handy tool that is used for digging and breaking stones.
A grab-hoe helps to brake hard topsoil. It is also used to crush hard soil smoothly.
A spade is used for removing soil or trash. It can also be used for digging.
With the help of the shovel, one can quickly remove any trash, dig, move, and mix the soil. There are different types of shovels for specific functions.
Some of them are the round digger shovel, post hole shovel, and trench shovel.
A rake is like a broom but made with metal. It is a farming tool used for clearing fields and gathering weeds, hay, etc.
8. Spading fork
It is used for digging out roots, loosening soil and turning materials in a compost heap.
9. Light hoe
A light-hoe is used for levelling and loosening soil. It is also used for digging furrows for planting.
10. Hand trowel
Hand trowels are used for loosening the soil around plants.
11. Hand cultivator
This is a simple garden instrument used for cultivating garden plots and removing weeds.
12. Hand fork
Hand forks are used for loosening hard soil, and lifting, turning and mixing compost with the soil. They are used for removing weeds and lifting and transplanting plants and seedlings.
They are also used for aerating soil.
13. Pruning shears
Pruning shears are also called pruning scissors. They are sharp, heavy-duty scissors that are used for cutting branches of trees and plant stems.
It is used for cutting wood and big branches of trees.
It is a universal tool for cutting.
This is simply a tool for watering plants.
A sprayer is used for spraying liquid. It can be used to spray insecticides, herbicides, pesticides, water, etc on a farm.
A wheelbarrow is used for moving lightweight items such as fertilizers, manures, plants, seeds, waste materials, and other things around the field.
It is a well known and ancient hand-held agricultural instrument. It has a curved blade that is used for cutting weeds.
In agriculture, the scythe is a versatile hand-held implement for mowing cereals (including wheat) and other herbaceous plants. It has a curved and sharp blade.
A tractor is one of the most popular and most essential farming equipment. It is a vehicle that is specially designed for hauling different types of agricultural machinery.
Modern tractors can be used for planting, tilling, spreading fertilizer, and more.
This is can be used to carry out secondary tillage on a field. In most cases, this machine is equipped with rotary motion.
It is used for removing weeds and for pulverizing and stirring the soil before planting.
This is the equipment that is used for crushing soil clods. It can be used to eliminate cracks, press small stones, and remove air pockets to form a smooth, firm seedbed.
A plough is one of the most ancient agricultural implements. The function of this farm equipment is to cultivate the soil and prepare it for sowing.
Before mechanized farming began, ploughs were pulled by animals. But now, in modern times, ploughs are pulled by tractors.
A plough can be made with different materials. Its structure may also be different, but the main part is the blade that cuts through the soil and loosens it.
25. Harrow/set of harrows
A harrow is a machine used for smoothing out and breaking up the surface of the soil. It is used for breaking up lumps of soil in order to produce a good soil structure suitable for seedbeds.
This tractor-mounted equipment is used to break up and loosen the soil during deep tillage. It is used to improve the growth of crops in areas where soil compaction is a problem.
27. Irrigation sprinkler or water sprinkler
An irrigation sprinkler is used to irrigate a field of crops. It helps to irrigate large areas and maintain the needed level of humidity.
28. Agricultural roller
This is used for breaking up large clumps of soil or flattening the soil. The roller is often pulled by a tractor.
29. Seed drill
This is the machine that is used for sowing seeds. It is used for planting seeds at equal distance and at the proper depth.
Classification of farm equipment
There is a wide range of agricultural equipment that are used in today’s farming. In general, these implements can be divided into five main categories, based on their functions.
- Irrigation machinery: These types of equipment are used for watering crops on large farms. They usually include central pivot irrigation systems and pump units.
- Soil cultivation implements: These are used for ploughing the soil and preparing it for cultivation. Some examples of soil cultivation equipment include tilers, disk harrows, and moldboard ploughs.
- Planting machines: These are used for planting saplings and seeds after the soil has been cultivated.
- Harvesting equipment: These are used to gather crops once they have reached full maturity. Examples of harvesting equipment are diggers, trailers, and pickers, etc.
- Miscellaneous agricultural equipment: These are used for carrying out corollary activities such as hay-making, shredding, and loading on a farm.
Farm tools and equipment are a necessity at every level of growing crops, whether on small gardens or on large scale farms. It would be nearly impossible to carry out farming activities without the use of some implements.