In some cases, to perform namaz and other actions that need to be made after making a small ablution, performing Ghusl becomes obligatory. This article describes the procedure and conditions of doing Ghusl Janabat, and explains how to perform Ghusl as well as the types of other Ghusls.
What is Ghusl?
It is necessary to completely wash the body, the head and neck as for obligatory Ghusl (for example, Ghusl Janabat is an ablution performed after intercourse or an ejaculation, and preferable Ghusl (for example, there is an ablution performed on Friday). All kinds of Ghusl do not have differences in performance — the only difference is the intent.
Ghusl can be performed in two ways:
- Tartibi — washing all parts of the body in order;
- Irtimasi — simultaneous washing of all parts of the body;
Performing Ghusl tartibi and defining it as such, in the order of obligatory precaution one should wash the face and neck, then the whole body. It is desirable to first wash the right part of the body, and then the left.
A ritual ablution called Ghusl irtimasi would be right if defining it for oneself as such one performing this ablution will plunge into the pour water immediately or will go into the pour water gradually until the body is completely submerged. To make a Ghusl irtimasi one needs as much water as it takes to be able to immerse in it.
How to perform an ablution
All the conditions are already stipulated in relation to the proper performance of the small ablution: clean water, ownership of water to the one who uses it etc. are also strongly required for the full accomplishment of ritual ablution (Ghusl).
However, when making Ghusl it is not necessary to wash the entire body from top to bottom, and when performing Ghusl tartibi, it is not necessary after washing one part of the body immediately begin to wash the other private parts.
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The one who made a full ritual ablution of the entire body after sexual intercourse (Ghusl Janabat bath) don't have to do ablution for namaz. You can do namaz after performing other types of Ghusl (even after the preferable ablution of the Ghusl mustahabb), but after performing Ghusl caused by the middle-level defluvium (Ghusl Istihadad) women cannot pray. It is necessary, in addition to this type of Ghusl to perform a small ablution as well.
During Ghusl of irtimasi or tartibi, it is not necessary to get the whole body clean. If the body is purged of immersion by pouring water with the intention of ablution of the body, the Ghusl will be considered to be valid.
Types of Ghusl which are obligatory
There are seven kinds of obligatory Ghusl:
- Ghusl Janabat is the full ablution of the body after sexual intercourse or ejaculation;
- Ghusl Mase Mayyit is a kind Ghusl performed after touching a dead body;
- Ghusl Mayyit is a full ritual of washing of the body of the deceased;
- Ghusl Hayd is a full ritual ablution caused by menstruation;
- Ghusl Istihadad is a kind of ablution caused by female secretions;
- Ghusl Nifas is Ghusl caused by postpartum hemorrhage;
- Ghusl Nasr is a mandatory ablution performed as a result of the vow, i.e., the obligation of a person to perform ablution.
How to do Ghusl of Janabat
After ejaculation which occurred from sexual intercourse or in sleep (even if the semen doesn't come out), the man becomes defiled, and he requires to go through a process of Ghusl Janabat for performing namaz and other acts that require purification (Tahara).
If sperm comes into motion, but will not come out, it is not the cause of defilement (Janabat).
One who knows that sperm came out, or knows that what came out is a sperm, becomes unsanctified and is obliged to perform Ghusl.
If something liquid comes out of man's penis, and he doesn't know whether it's piss, cum or something else, he needs to understand that semen is the liquid that comes with a sense of lust and with a sharp splash, and then the body becomes powerless.
However, if these symptoms are not present or only some of them are, this fluid is not sperm. But for a sick person to be unsanctified only one of these attributes is enough (for example, ejaculation with a sense of desire).
After ejaculation, it is desirable to emit the urine. If a man has not pissed and after making Ghusl fluid comes out of the penis and man doesn't know whether it is the sperm or not, this liquid should be considered to be sperm.
Steps of Ghusl Janabat
- Remove semen from the body.
- Wash the hands up to the elbows 3 times.
- Do gargling 3 times.
- Wash the head right down to the neck; wipe your hand on the face and neck, and comb the hair using your fingers.
- Wash the right side of your body from the shoulders going down to the feet; also wash some part of the left side of your body. During washing, wipe your body using your hand.
- Wash the left side of your body from the shoulders going down to the feet; also wash some part of the right side. During washing, wipe your body using your hand.
Acts that are prohibited for the unsanctified:
- to touch the records of the Holy Quran and name of God. It is also advisable not to touch the names of the prophets and Imams, let peace be upon them all;
- to enter the Grand Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) in Mecca and the Prophet's Mosque (Masjid an-Nabi) in Medina, even if you enter one door and exit another;
- to stay at other mosques, and also, as an obligatory precaution, to stay in the temples of the Holy Imams, let peace be upon them all, but to pass through the mosque is not reprehensible;
- as an obligatory precaution, to enter the mosque to take something or put something there, even if the man himself is not entering the mosque;
- to read the verses of the Holy Quran which have obligatory prostration.
It is forbidden to read even one letter of these surahs. The titles of the surahs with the obligatory prostration are the following:
- Surah "As-Sajda" ("The Prostration");
- Surah "Fussilat" ("Explained In Detail");
- Surah "An-Najm" ("The Star");
- Surah "Al-Alaq" ("The Clot").
If anyone settled a place for namaz at their home or workplace, then he should know that the Shariah provisions relating to the mosque don't relate to this place.
Also, it is not forbidden to stay in the temples of the descendants of the twelve Imams, peace be upon them all, in an unsanctified state; however, it is forbidden to stay in the mosques which are located around temples.