Blackouts: Russia proposes adoption of small modular nuclear reactors

Blackouts: Russia proposes adoption of small modular nuclear reactors

- Small modular reactors are the latest technology capable of addressing the power shortage in Nigeria

- Russia’s state-run nuclear energy corporation, Rosatom, has proposed the use of the technology

- Experts say there is a global shift towards nuclear, not only in the energy sector, but other sectors

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Rosatom, Russia’s state-run nuclear energy corporation, has proposed the use of Small Modular Nuclear Reactors (SMR) to address the perennial power shortage that plagues most African nations, especially Nigeria.

Acting Chief Executive Officer of Rosatom, Central and Southern Africa, Mr Ryan Collyer, made the submission in a recent statement.

According to Collyer, there is a global shift toward nuclear, not only in the energy sector, but also to address a myriad of other issues.

Blackouts: Russia proposes adoption of small modular nuclear reactors

Russia has proposed the adoption of small modular nuclear reactors to address electricity challenges. Photo Credit: neimagazine.com
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Collyer noted the adoption of Small Modular Reactors (SMR) can be a good alternative to diesel generators providing reliable power supply and preventing harmful emissions at a competitive price.

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According to him, the reactors offer unique benefits such as easy grid connection, flexibility in terms of placement, multipurpose application and possible integration with renewables.

He said the reactors also offer lower capital investment which can be a crucial point while taking a decision of their deployment.

Shedding light on ROSATOM’s advancements in SMR technology, he highlighted Russia’s RITM-200, an advanced pressurized-water reactor that incorporates all the best features from its predecessors.

Collyer highlighted the main advantages of RITM-200 reactor to include: cost-efficiency, small size and safety. Russia’s RITM-200 reactor, he noted, was designed for nuclear icebreakers, land-based small Nuclear Power Plants and floating nuclear power plants.

According to him, ROSATOM has already constructed six RITM-200 nuclear-powered reactors with two onboard Russia’s nuclear powered Arktika icebreaker.

Collyer further disclosed Russia was working on the next generation of the offshore nuclear power plants as an optimised floating power unit (OFPU).

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Meanwhile, the Edo Modular Refinery being developed by Edo Refinery and Petrochemical Company Limited (ERPC) with support from the Edo state government has applied to the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) to supply it crude for use in the phase one development of the facility.

The ERPC, in a statement by its chairman, Michael Osime, said the refinery has reached an advanced stage of development where the operators now have to introduce hydrocarbons to the facility.

Osime said discussions are also ongoing with marginal field owners for crude supply as the refinery is designed to use various grades of crude.

Legit.ng gathered that the project benefited from a N700 million project support fund and a Memorandum of Understanding with Tianji University, which paved the way for its accelerated development.

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Legit.ng had earlier reported that the project, sited at Ologbo in Ikpoba Okha local government area of the state, would produce from its feedstock 50 per cent of diesel (500,000 litres), 25 per cent of naphtha (300,000 litres) and 20 per cent of fuel oil (200,000) litres.

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