Many skilled or amateur gardeners want their gardens to look neat and beautiful. Different types of succulents are perfect for these purposes. These plants are absolutely unpretentious, hardy, and their outlandish appearance is able to impress the imagination of even the most repellent skeptic.
If you love plants, but you are a beginner in gardening, start your journey with succulents. Learn what kinds of these plants are the most popular ones.
What is a succulent?
Succulents are a group of plants having common features due to the same habitat conditions. They are able to store water in their stems and leaves. They grow in arid areas, on rocks and subtropical forests.
Succulents do not require any special care as these plants can accumulate moisture in their leaves or stems. They are often used to create incredible compositions and decorate window sills inside the room. To do this, different types of succulents are suitable. They can be competently put together so that they look wholly and naturally or unusually and originally.
It should be understood that all plants that belong to succulents do not necessarily have to be associated with a common origin. Our collection mentions those representatives which "know" how to collect moisture in their own tissues in order to use it during the dry period.
Since these plants can be completely unrelated and not similar to each other, you should familiarise yourself with our improvised catalogue of succulents. Their photos and names will give you a complete picture. Basically, it is quite simple to grow such green “pets” at home. They do not require any special conditions, and the main thing is warm, dry air, rare watering and the absence of sudden temperature drops.
Most popular types of succulents
Beautiful and impressive appearance, as well as the unpretentiousness and endurance of these plants, made them one of the most beloved for landscape designers and gardeners of various specialisations. Without any special effort, anyone, even an almost absolute beginner, will be able to grow a beautiful garden and enjoy its magnificence at any time.
However, few people know exactly which plants belong to them and what types of succulents they are. That is why we have compiled a catalogue with photos and names of the most famous representatives of this plant family.
This plant has many varieties. All of them belong to succulents since they “know” how to accumulate moisture inside their oblong leaves. Agave Vilmorena, Queen Victoria and Americana are all different kinds of the same species. They grow in both South and Central and even North America, in more arid regions.
Agave leaves are oblong, pointed and fleshy. At home, the plant requires constant maintenance of temperature in the range from eight to twenty-one degrees Celsius, then the agave will feel comfortable. Some of the species never bloom, while others can produce flowers. It does not need special care and does not like abundant watering and acidic soil.
This fantastic plant is directly related to Campanulaceae and is popularly referred to as Hawaiian palm, palm-volcano and cabbage on a stick. The presence of this succulent really resembles all the listed appearances. Brighamia has a rather thick, tree-like body and crown, assembled into a rosette, like a real palm tree.
Thanks to its thick stem, the Brighamia does not need frequent watering. It can withstand for some time long enough during dry periods in nature, and at home too. You can leave the plant, going on vacation, and find it a month later in good condition. It blooms with small yellow flowers, similar to asterisks. The main thing is that the temperature in the room does not fall below fifteen degrees Celsius; otherwise, the plant may die.
The name of this plant has a logical explanation because it translates as a "silver skin." This succulent belongs to the genus of the Aizoaceae. It originally grew in South America, for example, in Peru, as well as in Africa and Arabia. Most often it grows on sandy or rocky soil, while it can amazingly dig into the ground when it becomes excessively hot.
This type of succulents looks like stones, which open up when it blooms. The flowers can be of pink, orange, red or soft purple colours. The optimum temperature for keeping such plant is 20-25 degrees Celsius.
Crassula or money tree
It is another well-known representative of succulents, which is known almost all over the world. In nature, this endemic plant can be found exclusively in the Western Cape and South Africa. A mature plant, even grown under normal conditions of a city apartment, can reach a height of up to three meters providing proper care and pruning.
The Crasulla has a dense, tree-like trunk and thick leathery leaves that accumulate moisture inside of them. The normal temperature for this succulent is quite high, about thirty degrees, but it easily withstands lower temperatures. The presence of drafts and temperature changes can damage the plant, so you need to watch this attentively.
Flowering succulents are worth mentioning. Moreover, the presented flower, belonging to the family of the Asclepiadaceae, has such amazing alien inflorescences that even experienced gardeners become astonished. In nature, Hernia grows only in Arabia, as well as in South and East Africa. It loves bright light but stands direct sunlight only in the morning or evening, otherwise it may get burned.
A beautiful representative of the orpine family or Graptopetalum feels excellent in the conditions of city apartments. Moreover, this newcomer from Arizona is not afraid of even regular soil and low enough temperatures (10-15 degrees Celsius).
The plant does not like abundant watering, even during active growth and flowering. Moisture should be moderate because you need to pour only when the topsoil dries one to two centimetres. This species of succulent starts to bloom in May and ends in July. It prefers a light, porous soil and places with diffused light.
Belonging to the Asteraceae family, a plant has such a fantastic appearance that it looks like little green fingers. This plant is a succulent. It needs high illumination, and it is better to put the pot with it on the east or west side.
It can grow in the temperature 22-27 or even 10-12 degrees Celsius. The plant should be watered poorly, like all succulents, it does not like excessive moisture. The soil should be low-acid, then the groundsel will please you with ongoing growth.
Modern botany science knows more than three dozen species of the Lithops genus, which is popularly called "living stones." This plant came from rocky Namibia, Botswana and South Africa. The plant has two fleshy accrete leaves, from which a spike grows. Some species exude a beautiful, delicate aroma when flowering.
Lithops colour can be varied, depending on the soil. The flower is larger than the plant itself, and its life cycle is ten days. Caring needed for a plant is exactly the same as for an ordinary cactus.
Sedum is a succulent plant of the Orpine family that fits well on the windowsills of the whole world. Sedum juice has quite strong analgesic properties. It grows in the open ground almost worldwide, and it is easy to cultivate it at home.
Many gardeners recommend to hold it as a hanging plant. Sedum loves bright light, and it is not afraid of direct sunlight. The plant looks very colourful and has all the attributes of a succulent plant. It likes high temperatures, stony non-acid soils and moderate or poor watering.
Gasteria came into apartments and houses only in the nineteenth century, right from the arid regions of South Africa. The plant got its name because of the strange shape of the flower, resembling a human stomach, the Latin word "gasltron" means "pot-bellied vessel."
The flower has rather long beautiful and smooth leaves, which can reach 20-25 centimetres in height. Like most succulents it is unpretentious, does not require much watering and care. Gasteria blooms surprisingly beautiful during one month, throwing out long flower stalks with rows of peculiar bells of red, pink or orange colour.
As you can see, there are various types of succulents. These unpretentious plants can be a real treasure for those flower lovers, who like to enjoy the fantastic appearance of a plant and give it as little care as possible. A collection of succulents on your windowsill can become a wonderful decoration for your room.
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