You started getting some suspicious brown spots on feet, and you are unsure what is the reason they have appeared, and how to get rid of them. If this is the case with you or someone you know, then we are here to help you! Read everything about the symptoms and causes of those annoying brown spots, identify why exactly they have appeared and how to treat them.
If a person is getting brown spots anywhere on their legs, including lower leg part, ankles or feet, it usually means that not everything is right with their health. In case this is your situation, a doctor needs to be contacted immediately. Learn about the reasons why those brown spots on feet appear, and what to do next.
Brown spots on feet causes
Typically, the brown skin discolouration on the person's feet indicates that they are suffering from the vein disorder, which may not always be that obvious, and sometimes is underlying. Many people who have this disorder are unaware of it for a long time because not everyone is getting regular vein checks and knows about all the risks. In the meantime, the disease can be getting worse with every passing day.
The valves defect causes the vein disorders of this sort. This means that the valves, the task of which is to keep blood from returning when it is flowing to your heart, are failing to complete this cycle. Therefore, when the valves are unable to fulfil their functions, a person develops a disease called varicose veins.
Varicose veins are a severe condition which primarily affects female patients. However, it does not mean that men cannot struggle with this disease – it happens among them too. The main reasons for it usually are stress, blood pressure, excessive weight, and lack of mobility. This leads to poor circulation of blood in the veins, and in this situation, people are very likely to get those brown spots on their feet.
Sadly, there are a lot of situations when medical professionals dismiss vein disorders. In many cases, people are told that they should not be concerned about their brown spots unless they start aching or cause difficulties. It is not true, because such symptoms have to be cured as quickly as possible, to prevent further issues which could be way more severe. That is why it is essential to see a qualified vein specialist once you notice brown spots on your legs, and get special treatment to reduce the risk of complications.
The symptoms of brown spots on feet
Even if you are sure that those brown spots do not matter so much, they do a lot. Eventually, they can affect your skin health and lead to something more serious, like ulcers which are prone to infections. The spots are a part of a more severe condition when the blood leaks from the affected veins to the tissues that surround them. If you have got those spots on your ankles, feet, and generally in the lower part of your legs, this indicates that you might suffer from the disease called venous stasis dermatitis. This disorder becomes a direct consequence of venous insufficiency, and if it remains untreated, it will progress.
If the venous stasis dermatitis is the reason which causes the spots, there are usually some symptoms that you would commonly experience. Here are the possible ones:
- Itching or minor irritation in the spots area. Your skin might start itching a little where the spots are located, and this is how you know that something is wrong.
- Thin or translucent skin. Very often, when the spots start appearing, your skin in those places suddenly becomes translucent.
- Excessive pigmentation. Skin discolouration is another name for those brown spots on your feet. If you start noticing that they keep appearing and are not going anywhere, this is excessive pigmentation which is unusual for a perfectly healthy person.
- Redness and inflammation. There are different types of irritation, and one of them is your skin becoming red and feeling like it is burning. Applying the regular treatment, like the oils or lotions, is not helping much. So, this is a clear sign that you might be getting dermatitis.
- Hard and thick skin. Sometimes you touch your skin areas on your legs and have a feeling that they have become thicker than usual. There can even be this sense of leather skin. If you have not experienced this before, this definitely might be the vein condition.
- Skin sores and lesions. Dermatitis can bring a lot of unpleasant symptoms, and some of them are sore skin and lesions.
When the brown spots remain untreated, then they can become more prone to possible injuries. It is quite dangerous, especially if you are leading an active way of life. Being prone to injuries means that even if you get a small cut on your leg, it can get infected and lead to severe complications for your health.
If you found that the cause of your suspicious brown spots is most likely chronic venous insufficiency, then this is the right time not to hesitate and visit a doctor, who will diagnose you correctly. Note that your doctor has to be a qualified vein specialist. It is frequently common for dermatologists and family doctors to misdiagnose this condition.
READ ALSO: What causes blood cancer?
Brown spots on feet: treatment
As soon as you notice the brown skin discolouration on your feet, it has to be treated immediately. Luckily, there are special treatment plans designed for patients who have problems with their blood vessels, which allow them to have their proper vein circulation restored. You should address this condition as quickly as possible because the comfort and effectiveness of your treatment depend on it. Some of the most popular means of treatment include the following:
- Changes in lifestyle. The lifestyle changes mostly mean exercising more often and increase muscle activity in your legs so that it could lead to healthy blood circulation.
- Weight loss. If necessary, your specialist might advise you to lose weight to become healthier. Quite often, this condition happens in overweight people and is directly caused by excess weight.
- Medical compression stockings. Those stockings are useful when you feel like your legs are often swelling. They come in different shapes, strength levels and lengths, and they can be purchased in any medical store.
- Topical therapy if you have ulcers. If your problem has led to the appearance of ulcers on your skin, then you should consider using the topical agents, which include gels, creams and ointments. They will relieve the pain caused by ulcers and treat the wounds.
- Antibiotics. When you have an infection, antibiotics are something that helps against it. This type of treatment works very well against bacteria.
- Sclerotherapy. This procedure eliminates the veins which are diseased and includes the solution injection into the vein which needs treatment. Sometimes, people with vein problems are being prescribed this kind of treatment.
- Endovenous thermal ablation. This technique is often used for the treatment of veins. It is also known as laser therapy and is based on using lasers to create heat in the varicose vein.
- Surgery. At times, a patient needs to go through surgery when they have vein issues. However, it is not as common as the previous types of therapy.
Brown spots on feet are not a hopeless case and can be cured. However, they require a lot of professional treatment, and we hope the article was useful for you.
DISCLAIMER: This article is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional advice or help and should not be relied on to make decisions of any kind. Any action you take upon the information presented in this article is strictly at your own risk and responsibility!
READ ALSO: Health tips for women every lady should know