Nigeria bordering countries and top facts about them

Nigeria bordering countries and top facts about them

What do you know about Nigeria bordering countries? How many are they? We will tell you about the neighboring countries of Nigeria. If you still do not know about them.

Bordering countries of Nigeria

Bordering countries of Nigeria

The Federal Republic of Nigeria is located in West Africa on the Gulf of Guinea coast. This is the most populated state on the continent and one of its most powerful economies. The state borders in the west with Benin (border length is 773 km), in the north - with Niger (1497 km), in the north-east - with Chad (87 km), in the east - with Cameroon (1690 km). The area of ​​Nigeria is 923,768 sq. km. Abuja is the capital of the country.

853 kilometers is exactly the total length of the Nigerian coastline. On the map, you can also see that the coast of the country is thickly indented with deep bays, lagoons, and numerous channels. Ships can pass from the border with Benin and up to the border with Cameroon, without leaving the World Ocean. The most significant ports in Nigeria are Lagos, Port Harcourt, and Bonnie.

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The country's two largest rivers (the Niger and its left tributary, the Benue) divide Nigeria into two parts: the southern (lowland) and the northern (plateau). The highest point - Mount Chappal-Waddi (2419 meters) - is located near the border with Cameroon.

Let's take a closer look at the Nigeria neighbouring countries.

Nigeria state
Source of photo
Source: Depositphotos

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Once it was a powerful empire, known as the Kingdom of Dahomey. And nowadays you can find a large number of ruins left over from the once magnificent palaces and temples. One of the smallest countries in western Africa is located between the equator and the tropics of the north. The territory of Benin is 112,622 sq. km. The waters of the Atlantic Ocean wash the south of the country. Benin borders with the state of Togo in the west; there is also the border with Burkina Faso and Niger in the north, and it borders with Nigeria in the east.

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According to the variety of relief, the country can be divided into 5 zones. The coastal zone is located in the south of the country. There is a plateau behind it. Hilly terrain characterizes the northwestern part of Benin. Fertile plains are typical of the northeast, and there is a hill covered with forests in the north.

The highest point of the country is Mount Mont Sokbaro (658 m). The official capital of Benin is Porto Novo, but the government and representative offices of foreign countries are located in the city of Cotonou.

Benin state
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Source: Depositphotos


Niger belongs regionally to West Africa, although geographically the country is located in the center of the northern part of the continent. The name of the country comes from the Niger River, which means “flowing water” in Tuareg.

If you look at the map of the state, its outlines may resemble a potato with a small appendix in the south-west. Niamey is the capital of the country and located in this appendix. Here is concentrated the most of the country's population. The area of ​​Niger is 1.27 million sq. km. The population is about 16 million people. Niger is a presidential-parliamentary republic, which gained its independence in 1960. Earlier the territory was a colony of France. The state does not have access to the oceans. It borders with seven other African countries such as Algeria, Libya, Nigeria, Chad, Benin, Mali, and Burkina Faso.

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The Republic of Niger is predominantly flat. The mountain range of Air (which is up to a height of 1900 meters) is only in the extreme north-west of the country. The typical landscape of Niger is a sparsely populated desert with rare vegetation. The country's two largest rivers are the Niger and the Komadugu Yobe. There is Lake Chad in the south-eastern part of the land.

Niger state
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Source: Depositphotos


The country of Chad is one of the poorest countries on the African continent. It is located in the northern part of Central Africa. The name comes from Lake Chad, which translated from the Kanuri language as “large water space.”

Chad borders with Libya in the north. It borders with Sudan in the east. Chad also has the border with the Central African Republic in the south. Cameroon, Nigeria, and Niger are bordering countries in the west. There is no outlet to the sea. The northern regions of the country are occupied by the desert and semi-desert areas of the Sahara; the southern areas include savannas. The Waddai massif lies in the south-east of Chad, and there is the Kane plain in the north-west.

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Lake Chad is located on the western border of the country. It is unsuitable for shipping since its depth is no more than 5–10 m. The lake dries out regularly, changing its size and shape.

Its area is 1.3 million sq. km, which places Chad to the number of the largest countries on the African continent.

Chad state
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Source: Depositphotos

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Cameroon is a Central African state. It is located only 200 kilometers from the equator. The name of the country comes from the Portuguese and means "river of shrimps."

The Atlantic ocean washes Cameroon from the south-west side. The state has a border with Nigeria in the north-west. It borders with Chad in the northeast and north. Cameroon borders with the Central African Republic in the east. Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and Kongo are bordering states in the south.

The Cameroonian mountains and plateaus occupy most of the country, and only a small proportion of the flat is terrain. The world-famous volcano, which has a name consonant with the name of the country, is located on the Atlantic coast of the country and rises 4100 meters above the ground. Extinct volcanoes, the remainder of which are the lava covers of nearby lands, are located in the central part of Cameroon.

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Cameroon state
Source of photo:
Source: Depositphotos

Now you know more about the neighboring states of Nigeria. Our country is very friendly to its neighbors, which helps to develop not only diplomatic relations but also economic ones.

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