Most women would wish to rely on safe days to minimise pregnancy chances. Unfortunately one must have a proper understanding of her ovulation period, which is never the case to most. As a result, some end up being victims of unplanned pregnancies. Therefore, the struggle of knowing how to calculate ovulation period and safe period among women is a common thing.
Knowing your safe days is advantageous. Depending on the outcome, you can decide on what days are favourable for intercourse without protection and which ones are not. If you have been wondering how to do your calculations, here is the essential information you require.
What is ovulation?
It refers to when a mature egg (ovum) is released from the ovary. It then moves down the fallopian tube, where it can be fertilised. If sperms (male gametes) are in the fallopian tube when the egg is released, there is a good chance that it will be fertilised, creating an embryo, which will eventually grow into a baby.
When does ovulation start? In an average 28-day menstrual cycle, ovulation typically occurs about 14 days before starting the next cycle.
What are the signs of ovulation?
Ovulation signs are a common thing among women, especially those who have experienced it before. How do you know if you are ovulating? Below are some of the symptoms of ovulation.
Changes in cervical mucus
As you approach ovulation, the body produces more estrogen. As a result, cervical mucus becomes stretchy and clear. Cervical mucus changes help the sperms to swim to the egg that’s released at that time.
Breast soreness or tenderness
This is a common sign of ovulation. It occurs because of the rush of hormones entering your body before and after the ovum is released.
Most women notice that their sex drive increases.
Changes in the cervix
The cervix may become higher, softer, and more open.
Mild pelvic or lower abdominal pain
Some women wonder, can I feel any signs of ovulation? Yes, typically as a mild ache or pain in the lower abdomen, usually on one side or the other.
How long does ovulation last?
Conceiving is only possible if the sperms (male gametes) unites with the ovum. It takes place in the fallopian tube. The best time to get pregnant is the ovulation period that lasts from 3 to 5 days which are between the 13th and the 17th day.
During this time, ovulation occurs, and one or more ova are released from the ovary. The thing is that the ovum can survive for only 11 to 19 hours. But how many days does ovulation last? It lasts for about 6 days. This includes the day of ovulating and five days before it.
The beginning of menstruation is considered the start of the menstrual cycle. The first five days of the period are relatively infertile. However, this is true under the condition that there are no hormonal influences and that ovulation occurred in the previous cycle.
The sixth day of the menstrual cycle is considered possibly fertile. When menstruation is finished, there will come a few days before the ovulation period. After ovulation, the luteal phase starts.
Any woman trying to get pregnant should remember that one cannot be 100% sure that ovulation will occur or not. Another problem is that not many women have regular cycles. If the whole cycle lasts between 22 and 35 days, it is considered normal.
Short cycles are not very common, while longer cycles are often observed in women. The most common cycle length in women is 28 days.
The length of the menstrual cycle is the interval between the two cycles. A new cycle s with the first day of menstruation. The beginning of the cycle is the only point in the cycle that can be easily determined without additional methods and equipment that cannot be said about other menstrual cycle points.
Women also need to understand that there is no such thing as a normal cycle length. Every woman has a unique cycle that sometimes fluctuates from month to month. Moreover, menstrual cycle length can vary throughout life.
In case your cycle length is varying, observe all the changes in your body caused by taking medicines. If you face any difficulties, you can ask the gynaecologist to determine your fertile and infertile days.
How to calculate ovulation for pregnancy
If you are trying to get pregnant, you need to pay attention to timing, but the truth is that it is almost impossible to calculate the precise time of ovulation. Remember that ovulation can’t be determined accurately.
There is widely-spread speculation among women that the fourteenth day of the cycle is the most fertile, but it is actually not true. Recognizing fertile days without special tests or additional examinations is not easy. Pregnancy computers determining the temperature and consistency of cervical mucus are not the sure ways to determine fertile days.
To establish a safe period, different methods can be used. Ovulation calculation is one of the most popular ways to determine the fertile and infertile days and each cycle's length. When using an ovulation calculator, you need to enter the latest menstruation date, and it will show the ovulation and safe days.
Unfortunately, the ovulation calculator cannot be used solely as a natural birth control method because different external factors can influence the results. Therefore, to be safe from unwanted pregnancy, it is better to use it together with other methods, such as the symptothermal method and calendar method.
- Fertile days - Possible to get pregnant.
- Infertile or safe days - Not possible to conceive.
- The luteal phase - When it is possible to conceive a baby.
The safe period calculator can be used by women whose average length of the menstrual cycle for the past six months has been between twenty-five and thirty-five days. Also, the difference between the shortest and longest cycles should be less than seven days.
Before you use this natural birth planning method, always consult your doctor. The approximate failure rate of using it is about 3 to 4%.
When using the calculator after childbirth, this method can be applied only after 6 regular menstrual cycles to get the exact results. Teens or women reaching menopause cannot rely on this method.
A woman is considered “unable to conceive” only after two years of unprotected sexual intercourse. If you could get pregnant, you could use the calculator to determine the day the baby will be born.
How to calculate the ovulation period to avoid pregnancy
It is important to remember that sperm can survive for 2 to 3 days. Also, ovulation and menstrual cycles are unpredictable at times. Using specific methods to track your safe period, you can know when you cannot conceive.
The thing is, a woman can even get pregnant if she has never had a period before, during her first period, or after the first time she had intercourse.
It is believed that a woman cannot get pregnant just after her period has finished. However, there is no "safe" time during the menstrual cycle when you can have intercourse without contraception without the risk of becoming pregnant.
While most women do not always make their safe days ovulation calculation, it is one of the easiest ways to avoid an unwanted pregnancy. Other birth control measures to prevent pregnancy include taking contraception pills and using condoms.
How to calculate ovulation period if the periods are irregular
You already know that every woman can become pregnant only during a particular part of her menstrual cycle, namely before and during ovulation. Therefore, you can predict your ovulation period easily if your menstrual cycle is regular. Using a calculator can get you approximate dates, fertile and infertile days.
It can be difficult if periods are irregular (regular period means a period that occurs every 21 to 35 days). Therefore, to get better results, the symptothermal method, calendar method can be used, fertility charting, basal temperature tracking, and ovulation test kits. Remember that the data you enter in the calculator may show a date that has already passed.
How to calculate the ovulation period with the calendar
The calendar method or the rhythm method is named after doctors Knaus and Ogino. In this method, information is obtained mathematically. It is important to remember that you cannot rely on this method's results if you have used it for less than 6 months. The calendar method is actually not considered 100% reliable because it neglects bodily signs (temperature and hormones).
Using the calendar method, you need to mark the mucus patterns every day. Once you have the menstrual cycle periods, including dry days, sticky days, wet days, and slippery days marked on the calendar, you can plan or predict pregnancy based on the current and past cycles.
The mucus is different at every stage. If you don’t understand the pattern, ask your gynaecologist to help you. The symptothermal method, using pregnancy computers, and ovulation tests are considered better methods that measure ovulation, using daily waking temperature, hormone levels, and cervical mucus analysis.
Getting pregnant depends on many factors. The best way to get pregnant quickly is to make love regularly. Also, every woman needs to visit her gynaecologist regularly. An appropriate diet is also crucial to improve the chances of getting pregnant.
Stressing out over getting pregnant makes pregnancy even less possible. Try to avoid stress and enjoy your life. Doing physical exercises is also an excellent way to prepare your body for pregnancy. Remember to get a lot of fresh air every day.
Essential pregnancy tips for expectant women
Here are some essential hits.
- Your partner’s well-being matters no less than yours. The chances to get pregnant depend on 33% on a man. To improve their reproductive prowess, men can quit smoking, limit alcohol intake, and lower stress.
- If you want to get pregnant, have intercourse often, especially 1 to 2 days before you ovulate and 2 to 3 days after you think you have ovulated. All the days before and after ovulation form an ovulation period.
- Another interesting tip is about laying low after having intercourse. It is believed that you need to lie low in bed for at least 10 minutes after the intercourse so that sperm could reach the egg. But studies don’t show any reliable evidence to back up this claim.
- If you take medications for any serious illnesses such as diabetes, asthma, epilepsy, and others, be sure it is under control. Since they might lower the odds of getting pregnant, ask your doctor to adjust the prescription.
- Stressing out can cause a severe problem not only during pregnancy but also make it harder to get pregnant.
There you have it! The information herein will help you on how to calculate ovulation period and safe days. A woman can only get pregnant during the fertile period that lasts for about five days and 2-3 fertile days before and after ovum release.
DISCLAIMER: This article is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional help or advice and should not be relied on to make decisions of any kind. Any action taken upon the information presented in this article is strictly at your own risk and responsibility!
- How long does ovulation last? (2018, infertilitydocs.com)
- What's the calendar method of FAMs? (2019, plannedparenthood.org)
- Can I get pregnant shortly after my period? (2020, medicinenet.com)
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