**Have you ever thought of mathematics as an essential part of our lives? There is no doubt everything is possible now due to the persistent hard work of many genius minds. You can find them in any scientific sphere because they collaborate with each other every day to make your life more comfortable. Mathematics is undoubtedly important in every aspect of science and technology. Continue reading to know the best mathematician in the world and what he is famous for! **

Mathematics is a very ancient science and most of its theories and rules were found many years ago by famous world mathematicians, such as David Hilbert, Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Pythagoras, Fibonacci, Carl Friedrich Gauss, Alan Turing, Issac Newton, and some others. Nevertheless, it is a developing science as well, so there are some new names you are about to know. So, what is the name of the best mathematician in the world nowadays? Let’s see!

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## Who is the best mathematician in the world today?

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Terence Tao is known to be one of the greatest mathematicians in our days. This man was born in 1975 to the family of pediatrician and mathematician. He is the oldest child and has two younger brothers. At the age of 2, his parents noticed he was slightly different from the other children of the same age. He was called a prodigy child due to his many achievements, as well as being the youngest medal winner at the International Mathematical Olympiad.

Being an eleven-old child, Terence started taking classes at Flinders University in Adelaide. And at the age of fourteen, he already obtained bachelor’s degree in 1991 and Master's Degree in August 1992. In 1996, he got his doctorate for the thesis “ Three regularity results in harmonic analysis.” And since that year he began to publish research papers.

The first four papers written by Terrence Tao are:

- "Weak-type endpoint bounds for Riesz means"; (with Andrew C Millard)
- "On the structure of projective group representations in quaternionic Hilbert space";
- "On the almost everywhere convergence of wavelet summation methods";
- "Convolution operators on Lipschitz graphs with harmonic kernels."

This talented man has already significantly contributed to the mathematics and has won many awards. One of them was a Fields Medal “for his contributions to partial differential equations, combinatorics, harmonic analysis, and additive number theory."

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Photo: www.ima.umn.edu

Other prizes and awards he has received include: the Salem Prize (2000); the Bôcher Memorial Prize from the American Mathematical Society (2002); the Clay Research Award from the Clay Mathematical Institute (2003); the Levi L Conant Award from the American Mathematical Society (2005); the Australian Mathematical Society Medal (2005); the ISAAC Award from the International Society of Analysis, its Application and Computation (2005); the SASTRA Ramanujan Prize (2006); the Fields Medal (2006); the Ostrowski Prize from the Ostrowski Foundation (2007); the Alan T Waterman Award from the National Science Foundation (2008); the Onsager Medal (2008); the Information Theory Society Paper Award (2008); the Convocation Award from Flinders University Alumni Association (2008); the King Faisal International Prize (Mathematics) (2010); the Nemmers Prize in Mathematics from Northwestern University (2010); and the George Polya Prize from the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (2010).

Photo: www.zimbio.com

Terence has written or collaborated in writing the next works:

- "A 2-volume textbook Analysis";
- "Nonlinear dispersive equations";
- "Solving mathematical problems";
- "Additive combinatorics";
- "Structure and randomness. Pages from year one of a mathematical blog";
- "Poincaré's legacies, pages from year two of a mathematical blog Part I and Part II";
- "An epsilon of room, I: real analysis. Pages from year three of a mathematical blog".

Thus, being a genius mathematician, he was compared with Mozart, since “mathematics just flows out of him.”

Terence Tao is for sure the best living mathematician, but have you ever wondered who would be the best mathematician ever lived? Do not know still? Then read it out.

## The best mathematician ever lived

No one would deny Archimedes to be considered the best mathematician ever lived. He made advances in number theory, algebra, and analysis, but is mostly known for his theorems of plane and solid geometry. He also proved Heron's formula for the triangle area, opened a way to trisect an arbitrary angle, and determine the parabolic section area.

Archimedes was an astronomer, as well as one of the most significant mechanists. He invented Archimedes' Principle of hydrostatics, the compound pulley, the hydraulic screw-pump, a miniature planetarium, and several war machines.

Archimedes books include: "Floating Bodies", "Spirals", "The Sand Reckoner", "Measurement of the Circle", 'Sphere and Cylinder", "Plane Equilibriums", "Conoids and Spheroids", "Quadrature of Parabola", "The Book of Lemmas", "The Method".

These are two the greatest mathematicians in the world, whose time are centuries apart but have contributed significantly towards the development of mathematics.

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