Do you want to know what is the capital of China? What are the features and the history of the town? Be ready to find out some unexpected facts!
What is the capital of China?
The capital of China is Beijing (formerly romanized as Peking), the city that fascinates everyone who comes there. The city combines two different times, two epochs. On one hand, it is the center of culture and historical monuments, reminiscent of the emperors who ruled the great empire. On the other hand, it is a modern, dynamically developing metropolis, with population of more than 20 million people.
Beijing means "the Northern Capital." Today, the capital of the People's Republic of China is the largest political and cultural center, actively developing in terms of business. The main air hub of the country and one of the biggest in the world.
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Thousands of tourists come here to see majestic temples and palaces, various architectural constructions with miraculously preserved age-old spirit.
The capital of China history
The archaeological relics that were found in the vicinity of Beijing indicate that 700 thousand years ago there lived the Sinanthropus (their remains were found in one of the caves). The first chronicle records mention this city as existing under the reign of Qin Shihuang, the first emperor who united China (259-210 BC). In these times the city was called Ji (Jicheng).
At that time the city was an important administrative center, and from 1045, under the reign of the princes Ji and Yan, received the status of the capital of North China. The city was greatly developed during Ming and Qing dynasties.
After the proclamation of the state of the Chinese People's in 1949, this city became its capital. Since the early 1980s, the urban area of the city expanded significantly. Today it is a huge city, the most populated capital in the world. The town is separated into urban, suburban, and rural districts.
It should be said that the town has three styles of architecture: traditional architecture of imperial China, "Sino-Sov" style (boxy and sometimes poorly constructed buildings) and modern architectural forms. All these styles show the stages of a long history of the capital.
Places to visit in the capital of China
Today, the most visited sights of Beijing, the capital of China, are primarily the six places from the list of World Heritage sites protected by UNESCO. The list consists of:
- Forbidden City
This is the most important attraction of the capital. This is the imperial palace, which used to be the winter residence of the rulers from the 15th century until the beginning of the 20th.
Today, this is a historical and architectural complex, the huge territory that occupies about 1000 hectares. There are 8707 rooms in the palace.
- Great Wall of China
This is the monument of history that is known all over the world, and it is difficult to find someone who has not heard about it or seen the photo of this masterpiece, named "eighth wonder of the world."
- Temple of Heaven
These are religious buildings of the imperial complex. The complexes were a place of prayer for the emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties. Old Taoism temple was constructed from 1406 to 1420.
- Ming Tombs
Famous burial place of Ming Emperors. The complex consists of 13 burial places.
- Yíhéyuán (Summer Palace)
A huge complex of gardens, lakes and palaces. The place was built in the time of Qing Dynasty. The imperial garden covers 2.9 square kilometers.
- The cave of Zhoukoudian
This place is famous for finding the remains of the Sinanthropus.
In addition, there is the world's largest square Tiananmen, and the capital invites you to the most beautiful parks, among them: Beihai, Xiangshan, Gunwapu Manor.
It is good to walk along narrow streets that have a century-long history. For example, Wangfujing, this street has five centuries of history, and Chinese houses that are in the depths of traditional square yards (hutuns) look quite colorful.
Some interesting facts about Beijing
- Beijing is located in the northern area of the Chinese Plain, surrounded by mountains from the north, northwest, and west. These mountains protect the city and agricultural areas from a sprawling desert.
- Beijing is the first post-industrial city in China. It takes the second place after Tokyo by the number of representative offices of the companies of the world.
- A feature of Beijing is a large number of bicycles riders. Bicycles are popular vehicles in Beijing.
- There is one of five existing mausoleums of socialist leaders in Beijing. Mao Zedong rests in a huge memorial complex with 44 granite columns and 10 halls.
Today Beijing is the most important city of the country, it is a cultural and political center of the country. Beijing is also the business capital of China