Immunization is proven to be the best method to fight against various diseases on the country scale. What is the new immunization schedule for Nigerians that we all need to follow? Find out in the article!
What is immunization?
It’s usually a process where the individual biological immune system becomes fortified against an agent. In this case, the agent is called an immunogen, it’s a small portion of a disease designed specially to provide enough challenge for our immune system without endangering it.
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When our system is exposed to molecules that are foreign to our body – it creates the immune response, it also forms the mechanism to develop the ability to protect our body from the same alerts we encountered in the past. It’s possible due to our immunological memory which preserves the data about all diseases that we have ever encountered.
The most important elements of our immune system are so-called T-cells. They are responsible for a swift response to any threat exposed to our body. We can also provide the passive immunization by providing T-cells to our body instead of creating our own,
Immunization is usually done through vaccination. Every country should follow vaccination rules, and vaccination schedule in Nigeria is no exception. Vaccines against microorganisms that can be a potential threat to our body are necessary to prevent any infection. In the worst case scenario, this microorganism may be mutated into something more aggressive.
Types of immunization
The passive immunization is the process when the pre-synthesized elements of the immune system are transferred to a person. Therefore, the person does not need to produce these elements himself. For today, the antibodies can be used for passive immunization. Nevertheless, the effect of these antibodies is short lasting. The reason for that is that they are quick to be shut down.
The passive immunization is normally administrated by the government in case of the outbreak of a disease or biological emergency. It’s interesting that there is also a psychological passive immunization which occurs during pregnancy when a mother provides her antibodies to an unborn child in case of emergency.
Active immunization can occur naturally when a person comes in contact with the disease and fight it. Our immune system creates antibodies that can defend us against microbes. The next time, our body will be available to fight the same microbe in the most efficient way.
Artificial active immunization is the process when our body receives is a small amount of the microbe into our body. This small amount is enough for our immune system to develop T-cells and fight the real threat connect with the microbe.
The active immunization programme is considered to be one of the Ten Great Public Health Achievements in the 20th century. Let’s take a close look at the new immunization schedule in Nigeria and the diseases to be cured by the immunization.
It’s usually prescribed for vaccination at birth. The disease is airborne and very lethal. It can be spread to many organs and cause serious illness. An untreated person can infect up to 15 people a year.
2. A whooping Cough
This vaccine is usually prescribed on the 6, 10, 14 weeks. It’s the disease of the respiratory tract. It’s caused by bacteria which lives in the throat, mouth, and nose. It’s very dangerous for infants.
3. Hepatitis B
It’s prescribed on the birth, 10 and 16 weeks. It’s a major global health problem which threatens your liver condition. It may cause chronic liver disease and even potential death.
The usual age of vaccination is nine months. Measles is highly contagious. It continues to be the leading cause of death amongst young children on the global scale.
The age of vaccination is to be 6, 10, 16 weeks. It mainly affects children under five years of age. One of two hundred infections leads to paralysis. About 5% of children die when their breathing muscles become immobilized.
6. Tetanus Toxoid
The usual age of vaccination can be for mother during her pregnancy period, then six months’ vaccine and one year. Tetanus is characterized by muscle spasms. When the disease progresses it may cause titanic seizure which may lead to death.
7. Yellow Fever
This vaccination is prescribed on the 9th month. There is no specific treatment for yellow fewer, but it’s highly recommended to people who live in Africa. The preventable account for this disease in Nigeria due to vaccination is 22%.
Side effects of immunization
The table of vaccination schedule in Nigeria is extremely important to prevent various diseases across the country. Moreover, it helps to reduce children death rate. The side effects of vaccination are contemporary and do not threaten the life of a child. These side effects include soreness, mild fever, and redness in the place of injection.
Immunization is considered to be the safest way to prevent various diseases. It also gives lesser chances to catch a disease. The side effects of the immunization can’t outweigh the benefits that are provided by it.
The immunized community has much greater chances to survive in the modern world. For instance, smallpox is almost eliminated from the Earth due to the immunization schedule followed by the countries. Therefore, it’s very important to follow the vaccination schedule in Nigeria!