Everyone knows that there is civil service in Nigeria, yet, not everyone knows what the civil service roles are. In this article, let’s take a look at the features and main functions of Nigerian civil service.
What is civil service in Nigeria?
Nigerian civil services are a part of the government that stays aside from military forces. The majority of people who work in the Nigerian civil services are also employees of certain governmental facilities. The civil services have been created to serve as a medium between the government and the population.
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The method of operation Nigerian civil services use has been established by British rulers at the times Nigeria was a British colony. It’s natural that after the Independence Nigerians focused on attempts to reform these services and make them work in a different way.
As a result of several transformations, in 1979 the Nigerian civil services started to somehow resemble the respective facilities in the United States. It was a significant change compared to what has been before. Another deep reconstruction of these services was introduced in 1988 and this change has improved the effectiveness of the services greatly.
Since that time and after the end of the military rule in Nigeria, the civil services have obtained the shape they have today. It has been said for many years that Nigeria civil services are ineffective and need other changes. This is the task for the current and future representatives of the Nigerian government to make the civil services in Nigeria as effective as possible.
Now, let’s get down to figuring out what civil service functions and responsibilities are.
Functions of Nigerian civil service
Civil services in Nigeria are a natural extension of the executive arm of the government. The main goals of this power involve the provision of the population with the services they need: free medical care, free education, and so on.
One of the main functions of the civil services in Nigeria is to make certain services free or, at least, affordable to people and to introduce services that don’t even exist yet. For example, owing to the civil services, pregnant women can deliver their babies free of charge in state hospitals, those who suffer from appendix inflammation can be operated for free or at reasonable prices, and so on.
One of the brightest examples of the introduction of inexistent services is the appearance of private telecommunication providers in the country.
Some of the main responsibilities of civil services
- Health care
As it has already been said, one of the main responsibilities of Nigerian civil services is in the provision of health care aid to all the citizens. They are in charge of the creation of hospitals where people can receive the medical care they require.
The department of civil services that’s currently in charge of the health care is the Ministry of Health. The officials and authorities who work in this ministry are supposed to provide the population with free or cheap medical services of the highest available quality.
The ministry has several subdivisions that are responsible for different types of health care aid, health insurance, family planning, the quality of food and medical means, and so on.
Another branch of the Nigerian civil services is responsible for the education. Its main responsibility is to provide each citizen of Nigeria with a high-quality education that’s either free or cheap enough to be affordable for everyone.
The problem of illiteracy in rural regions of the country is still acute for Nigeria, especially now when the population is growing at a cosmic speed. The civil service that’s responsible for the education is the Ministry of Education.
The ministry has a number of subdivisions that assist in the struggle for the education so the people always have a chance to communicate with representatives of the civil services on all the questions they are interested in and make all types of suggestions regarding the education in Nigeria.
- Agricultural development
Nigeria is a country with plenty of resources that need proper handling. Today, Nigeria is the seventh country in the world by the number of people who live there. The population is supposed to grow further in the nearest future. All this leads to the provision insufficiency.
It’s quite strange to hear that Nigeria doesn’t have enough provision to feed all the people who live there. Still, this is how the things go now because the agricultural sector in the Nigerian economics needs development and forced growth. This is necessary to free Nigeria from the need to purchase food products from other countries at very high prices.
The Ministry of Agriculture is in charge of any rural development that takes place in the country and the changes that are required for a better life of its citizens.
Well, these are the roles of civil service in Nigeria, their functions, and responsibilities. In accordance with plenty of opinions, the civil services that are currently operating in Nigeria are ineffective and insufficient to provide all the needs of the population. This is why only further development of the services themselves will lead to positive changes in the life of the country.
However, there’s a lot of hope that in the nearest future the situation will become much better and people will receive the high-quality free state services they deserve.
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