Types of communicable diseases and their prevention in Nigeria

Types of communicable diseases and their prevention in Nigeria

Communicable diseases in Nigeria can be described as one of the biggest problems of our land. Thousands of people die every year because they do not follow simple rules to protect their health. This post will give you a glimpse at Top 5 most common contagious diseases in the country.

Types of communicable diseases and their prevention in Nigeria

What is a communicable disease?

A communicable disease is defined as a disease that spreads from one person to another via variety of ways. It may include, but not be limited by blood or bodily liquid, airborne viruse, insects or animals bites.

Types of communicable diseases and their prevention in Nigeria

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According to communicable disease statistics, Nigeria is one of the countries with a high rate of lethal cases from diseases, It`s especially problematic in the rural regions of the country. Control and maintaining of contagious diseases is a vital necessity for any country. It ensures caring for infected individuals and the society keeps working according to plan.

The most common ways of spreading communicable diseases

Types of communicable diseases and their prevention in Nigeria

How can these diseases spread in the society? It depends on the specific infectious agent or disease. The most common ways of spreading are:

  • Physical contact with an infected person. It can be a feсal/oral transmission, sexual intercourse, droplets, touch or body fluids;
  • Contact with a contained surface, like food, blood, water;
  • Bites from insects or animals;
  • Travel through the air.

Communicable diseases precautious and control measures

There are several ways that may help to ensure the survival of the nation from contagious diseases. They can be defined as personal precautious measures and control precautious measures.

Control precautious measures

  • Enforce laws and universal practices of immunization;
  • Maintain health education and spread the information about contagious diseases. At the same time, provide information to people about hygiene measures that can help control the spread of diseases.
  • Implement good hand washing procedures;
  • Implement isolation treatment;
  • Implement effective treatment.

Personal precautious measures

  • Wash hands often;
  • Prepare food safely;
  • Clean commonly used surfaces;
  • Use a tissue when you cough or sneeze;
  • Get vaccinated;
  • Do not share personal items;
  • Avoid touching wild animals;
  • Stay home when you are sick;
  • Maintain healthy hygiene habits;
  • Inform other members of your family about precautious measures to control diseases.

Top 5 types of communicable diseases in Nigeria

5. Malaria

It`s the most common killer of Nigerians. Malaria is caused by Plasmodium. It can be transmitted by Anopheles mosquito which feeds on blood. These mosquitoes can be attracted by body sweat. It`s almost impossible to figure out the symptoms right after bites. The obvious symptoms appear only on the second week.

The most common symptoms include body pain, loss of appetite, bitter taste, high temperature, and headaches. Studies show that about 250,000 of Nigerian children died in 2009 from this disease. In overall, this disease was a reason for more than a half of million deaths in Nigeria in 2010.

What are the prevention measures against malaria? The best way to help yourself is to keep as far from mosquitoes as possible. It is s necessary to visit a doctor and keep the common hygiene rules. Moreover and use a mosquito net.

4. Influenza

4. Influenza

It`s another most common disease not only in Nigeria but the whole world. There is almost no person in the world who didn`t have this type of disease. The most common symptoms of this disease are a headache, pain in the body, running nose, high temperature, and weakness.

This disease is totally preventable. You just need to follow the common rules of hygiene to prevent this disease from affecting you.


The HIV virus feed on the immune system, and it doesn't have a cure. It can be transmitted through blood or any other body fluid. The main symptom of this disease is a loss of immune system to fight back any other disease. Therefore, you should avoid contagious objects to protect yourself from this disease. Moreover, use a contraceptive during sexual intercourse.

2. Tuberculosis

It`s one of the most dangerous communicable diseases not only in Nigeria but in the whole world! Symptoms of tuberculosis may include fatigue, chills, night sweats, coughing, chest pain, loss of appetite, weight loss. This disease spreads through the air. Therefore, it`s necessary to hold infected people in isolation from other.

How to protect yourself from tuberculosis? You shouldn`t take risks and communicate with infected people. Moreover, use common rules of hygiene to help you. Wash your hand regularly and stay away from contagious places.

1. Hepatitis

1. Hepatitis

Some medical studies show that hepatitis has already infected about one-third of the humanity. Nevertheless, hepatitis causes 78% of liver cancer. Therefore, it`s very dangerous for people. The common symptoms may include dark urine, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, fatigue and flu-like symptoms.

The common rules to prevent hepatitis are the same. Just follow the hygiene rules and do not share your personal items.

Communicable diseases in Nigeria may be not so dangerous if you take precautionary measures. Avoid any contacts with infected people, and everything should be fine. Do not forget to visit a doctor at least once in a few months to check your general health.

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Source: Legit.ng

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