Medicine offers a variety of contraceptive methods that allows you to yourself during both regular and casual intimate contacts. But what can be done for those whom these methods just do not fit, or where it leads to inconvenience? When is a woman safe period? This issue is very relevant for ladies who want to prevent pregnancy but do not want to use any contraceptives. Certainly, every woman has heard, at least once in her life, that there are certain days of the cycle in which the chances of getting pregnant are very low.
In order to understand the concept of pregnancy better, let's first say a few words about the female body. Every girl who has hit the age of puberty will, very likely, ovulate every month. During these days, the body is maximally ready for fertilization. Therefore, the risk of getting pregnant on these days is quite high. How to calculate ovulation? Typically, it happens in the middle of a cycle and can last several days.
It might seem pretty simple to think that as long as you cancel out the ovulation days, you can have intimacy without thinking about the consequences. However, as you know, there are exceptions to all rules. This is especially true here. Otherwise, the percentage of unwanted pregnancies would not have been so high.
How to calculate safe period?
For those who plan to abandon other methods of protection and use only the period calculator, you might like to know that experts say that a woman can conceive on almost any day. Yes, there are days when the probability of pregnancy is very small, but, this is not prevent this a hundred percent.
But if you want to ask yourself, "when is my safe period?" you should know this important information: the safest days are usually 2 days before the next menstrual period and 2 days after its end. To calculate the time of ovulation and when conception can’t occur, first of all, you need to know the length of a menstrual cycle.
When using the calendar method, your cycle should be stable, otherwise there is a risk of becoming pregnant. In other words, if you have an unstable cycle, then you can’t calculate days when you can’t get pregnant.
In addition, it is worth remembering that a cycle can change or shift. The regularity of your monthly period can be influenced by a variety of factors: stress, taking medicinal substances, diseases of female reproductive system, and many others reasons.
READ ALSO: How to avoid pregnancy without protection?
To calculate safe period you need to analyze your cycle throughout the year, provided that you did not use hormonal contraceptives during this period. If the cycle was not regular, then you should not rely entirely on the calendar method of protection against unwanted pregnancy. This is because there will be no guarantees. A menstrual cycle is calculated from the first day of your period to the first day of the next period
If menstruation happens constantly, without taking into account small deviations, then it is possible to start calculating the days when you can’t become pregnant.
- The typical menstrual cycle is 28 days on average. If yours is more than 28 days, then this method will be unreliable for you.
- From the first day of your period, you can start counting your 'safe' days. Usually, between day 1 and day 7 are the days where you're less likely to get pregnant.
- Between day 21 to when you get your next period are your next set of safe days.
- Altogether, you will typically have about 14 days in a month that you're safe. If you are intimate during the days between those safe days, then there is a high risk of pregnancy.
Measurement of basal temperature
There is another technique that allows you determine your safe days. It is the measurement of basal temperature. Every morning, a woman can measure her body temperature rectally without getting out of bed and record the thermometer data. The fact is that the temperature of a woman before ovulation does not rise above 37 degrees. However, 2-3 days before this period, it increases by 0.2 - 0.4*C.
This method cannot always be trusted.. Basal temperature can rise for a number of other reasons, for example, illness or medications. It is possible that if you take the temperature rise to mean that you're indeed safe, you might still end up getting pregnant.
You can also choose to pay attention to the change in cervical mucus. Before ovulation, it becomes thick and opaque, also viscous, which can be determined by rubbing it between your fingers.
For maximum protection against unwanted pregnancy, a woman should use all of the above methods to get an accurate (to an extent) read of her body.
Another hint of ovulation is that, before the maturation of the egg, a lot of ladies might feel a pulling pain in the lower abdomen.
To determine safe days, doctors recommend using tests that help read your ovulation. This is a worthwhile suggestion to prevent an unwanted conception, but not every girl can afford to use such tests daily.
How likely is impregnation before menstruation?
It may seem that pregnancy can't occur before menstruation because, at this time, the conditions necessary for implantation of the egg are significantly complicated. But if a woman does not have a permanent partner and often has casual relations, the probability of becoming pregnant increases during each contact. Your body can react to the sudden possibility of getting pregnant with an unplanned ovulation.
To reduces the chances of getting pregnant on the days before menstruation it pays to have only one partner when it comes to physical intimacy.
Is conception possible during menstruation?
The likelihood that you will become pregnant during menstruation is quite small. The blood discharge is not a favorable environment for the development of pregnancy.
You can become pregnant if the period of menstruation is long or there is a cycle interruptions due to a number of reasons.
Is there any chance that you will become pregnant right after the end of menstruation?
There is an opinion that pregnancy is impossible in this period, but doctors say that unwanted pregnancy can occur during these days.
It is worth considering that the spermatozoon remains viable in the female tract for as long as three days after intimate contact, and sometimes this period may increase. Using the same calendar method, you can easily calculate that by having contact right after menstruation, you risk becoming pregnant, as the sperm can wait until the egg will be ready for fertilization.
Now you know how to calculate menstrual cycle to avoid pregnancy. Summarizing the above, it is worth noting that the calendar method can only guarantee safety in some cases. You should also not rely completely on each of these methods above as it does not give any guarantees that an unwanted pregnancy will not occur. Doctors agree that the only way to achieve at least 97percent protection is the use of a 'rubber'. Be careful and always make responsible decisions.